Revision of migrated self-expandable metal stent by the remOVE device
14 August 2018 (eFirst)
Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) provide longer patency duration compared with plastic stents for malignant biliary obstruction . Tumor in-/overgrowth, and stent migration can cause reocclusion of the biliary tract. Herein we describe the revision of a distally migrated and stenosed biliary SEMS using the remOVE system (Ovesco Endoscopy, Tübingen, Germany), a device used to fragment and retrieve over-the-scope clips (OTSC) ([Video 1]).
Video 1 The Ovesco reMOVE device (Ovesco Endoscopy, Tübingen, Germany) may provide a safe and effective technique for revision of migrated self-expandable metal stents.
A 62-year-old woman with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and biliary obstruction previously treated with SEMS presented with jaundice, abdominal pain, and fever, raising concerns for ascending cholangitis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a distally migrated uncovered metal stent obstructing the duodenal lumen ([Fig. 1]). The cholangiogram showed a single, severe stenosis within the metal stent, which was likely due to tumor ingrowth in the lower third of the common bile duct. Reintervention with a metal stent was considered the best option.
We proceeded with stent revision prior to placement of an additional SEMS. Thermal energy was applied using the remOVE system in order to fragment the braided wire. One to three applications of direct current from the DC Cutter were adequate to fragment and cut the wire. Trimming was completed within 12 minutes without any evident cautery effect on nearby tissue ([Fig. 2]). Placement of an additional SEMS was successful with proper extension length into the duodenum ([Fig. 3]).
Nd:YAG laser and argon plasma coagulation have been used in the revision of migrated biliary stents; thermal injury to surrounding tissues is the most common complication  . The remOVE system, which consists of a direct current cutting instrument and a protective cap to retrieve the OTSC, has been approved for use in the United States and European Union . Direct current cutting confers an advantage over other methods as its current is conducted over metallic components only  . Our experience suggests that this may be a safe and efficacious method of revising distally migrated SEMSs in malignant biliary obstruction.
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