A novel handmade “multi-bending endoscope system” for endoscopic submucosal dissection of difficult-to-approach superficial gastric neoplasms
07 February 2019 (online)
Maintaining a good operative field is crucial when performing endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for superficial gastrointestinal tumors, but it often requires high skill or special equipment depending on the location of the lesion     . Early gastric cancers are frequently detected at the lesser curvature of the gastric body, but ESD of lesions in this area may be challenging because of the difficult approach. A multi-bending endoscope is a good option for such a situation , but it is not widely used owing to its limited purpose and relatively high cost. We therefore developed a handmade multi-bending system and used it to perform ESD for 12 difficult-to-approach lesions located at the lesser curvature of the gastric body. Herein, we report the method and efficacy of the system.
The tip of the external tube (Crusher catheter, Zeon Medical, Japan) was fixed with tape about 15 – 20 cm away from the tip of a gastroscope (Olympus or Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan) ([Fig. 1]). A fishing line (PE line, #3, 40lb) was passed through the external tube, and then bound and fixed with tape at the original first bend. A second bend was created by pulling the fishing line, and fixed using a three-way stopcock according to the circumstances.
In all 12 cases, the operator could closely and tangentially approach each lesion with the tip of the endoscope using the multi-bending system ([Fig. 2], [Video 1]). Therefore, en bloc resections by ESD with an ITknife2 (Olympus) or FlushknifeBT (Fujifilm) were achieved more easily and speedily without any complications. The average resected specimen diameter and procedure times were 39.4 mm and 35.8 minutes, respectively.
Video 1 Creation of the handmade multi-bending system and use of the device to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection of difficult-to-approach early gastric cancer at the lesser curvature of the lower gastric body.
Our handmade multi-bending system functions like a multi-bending endoscope and seems to be a very effective option for ESD of difficult-to-approach lesions located at the lesser curvature of the gastric body.
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