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MR-Guided Focused Ultrasound[*] in Fibroid Treatment – Results of the 4th Radiological-Gynecological Expert MeetingArticle in several languages: English | deutsch
28 February 2019
19 March 2019
28 May 2019 (online)
Magnetic Resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS; Syn.: HIFU = high intensity focused ultrasound) is a safe and effective thermoablative technique to treat fibroid-related symptoms. The evidence is limited due to a lack of randomized trials. The indication for treatment by MRgFUS are symptomatic uterine fibroids. This consensus paper covers criteria to measure success, contraindications, side effects and complications of MRgFUS treatment. The role of MRgFUS in the setting of family planning is part of this publication.
MRgFUS therapy should be based on a clear understanding of the aim of treatment and the wish of the patient.
Success of MRgFUS/HIFU treatment should be judged by the degree of improvement (alleviation) or disappearance of fibroid-related symptoms.
The indication for treatment by means of MRgFUS/HIFU is based on a gynecological examination incl. ultrasound performed by a specialist. Necessary prerequisite for MRgFUS/HIFU treatment is a contrast-enhanced MRI of the pelvis.
A number of more than 5 fibroids (leiomyomata) limits the success of MRgFUS/HIFU therapy; the indication to treat fibroids exceeding 10 cm in diameter should be reviewed critically.
A recommendation for the treatment of fibroids by MRgFUS to patients who seek to conceive cannot be given based on the current state of knowledge.
Kröncke T, David M. MR-Guided Focused Ultrasound in Fibroid Treatment – Results of the 4th Radiological-Gynecological Expert Meeting. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2019; 191: 626 – 629
* To be differentiated from non-MR-guided focused ultrasound.
** For the consensus meeting participants listed in alphabetical order at the end of the article.