Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2020; 59(06): 376-389
DOI: 10.1055/a-1115-8602
CME-Fortbildung

Geriatrisch-rehabilitative Versorgung in DeutschlandUmsetzung und Entwicklungsbedarfe

Umsetzung und EntwicklungsbedarfeGeriatric Rehabilitation Care in GermanyImplementation and Need for Development
Norbert Lübke

Geriatrisch-rehabilitative Versorgung dient dem Erhalt selbstbestimmter Teilhabe alter Menschen. Sie trägt zur Minderung von Pflegebedürftigkeit bei – eine der großen gesellschaftlichen Herausforderungen der nächsten Jahrzehnte. Der Beitrag stellt Zielgruppe, Strukturen, konzeptionelle Besonderheiten sowie Potenziale und Grenzen der derzeitigen geriatrisch-rehabilitativen Versorgung dar. Hieraus ergeben sich Perspektiven für die Weiterentwicklung.

Abstract

Geriatric rehabilitation care serves to maintain the self-determined participation of elderly people. It contributes to reduce dependency on care, which is one of society’s major challenges. The focus of its work lies on elderly patients, mostly with multiple impairments and limited reserves. These people consequently face a high risk of developing further activity limitations and participation restrictions in the context of any acute illness. This justifies the large proportion of early rehabilitation already in hospital, which forms an essential part of geriatric rehabilitation care in Germany. Its goal is to reduce or prevent any associated setbacks regarding independent living as soon and as far as possible. However, early rehabilitation cannot replace a potentially necessary further medical rehabilitation – particularly under the conditions of lump-sum compensation in the context of the DRG system. But institutions for further medical rehabilitation exist only in some of the federal states in Germany.

In addition, geriatric rehabilitation services are largely provided in inpatient settings in Germany. This system to date only rarely takes advantage of the benefits of other forms of rehabilitation. For instance, outpatient geriatric rehabilitation could already be used more frequently to prevent dependency on care in cases of slowly increasing deterioration of functional health. Mobile rehabilitation, where rehabilitation patients are visited in their residential environment, could be more efficient and more sustainable for patients whose rehabilitation and participation goals can be achieved less by means of restitution of lost functions rather than by the adaptation of contextual factors and the improvement of support arrangements.



Publication History

Publication Date:
07 December 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany