Endoscopy 2021; 53(01): E13-E14
DOI: 10.1055/a-1163-7140
E-Videos

Cut the weeds and dig up the roots: clip-and-snare assisted endoscopic mucosal resection of a rectal neuroendocrine tumor

Wei-hui Liu*
1   Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial Peopleʼs Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
,
Shi Liu*
2   Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China
,
Ying Gong
2   Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China
,
Hideki Kobara
3   Department of Gastroenterology and Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kita, Kagawa, Japan
,
Shi-Bin Guo
2   Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China
,
Jian Gong
2   Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China
› Institutsangaben

Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been the preferred treatment of small gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) (≤ 10 mm) without muscularis propria invasion [1]; however, the requirements of special instruments and complex skills have limited its widespread application [2]. In this regard, we developed a simple clip-and-snare assisted endoscopic mucosal resection (CS-EMR) technique for complete removal of a rectal NET ([Video 1]).

Video 1 Clip-and-snare assisted endoscopic mucosal resection of a rectal neuroendocrine tumor. A reopenable clip is used to lift the flat lesion away from the muscularis propria, allowing a preloaded snare to encircle the resulting “polyp” root below the clip and endoscopically resect it. The surgical wound is closed by clips.


Qualität:

A 35-year-old man was referred for endoscopic treatment of a small rectal NET (6 mm). Because the NET was seen on colonoscopy to have a flat subepithelial surface ([Fig. 1 a]) and was evaluated on endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) as not showing invasion of the muscularis propria, CS-EMR was used to achieve complete resection. As the transparent cap-covered single-channel endoscope, along with a pre-anchored snare, entered the rectum to target the tumor, a clip was inserted through the working channel of the endoscope and was used to grasp the mucosa adjacent to the tumor ([Fig. 1 b]). When the NET had been well lifted by the clip and transformed into a “pedicle polyp,” the snare was released from the endoscope and completely enveloped the root of the NET ([Fig. 1 c]). The NET was fully excised using a blended electrosurgical current ([Fig. 1 d]), leaving a clean surgical wound ([Fig. 1 e]). The wound was immediately closed by the lifting clip and application of a further clip ([Fig. 1 f]). Histological examination of the resected specimen revealed a G1 NET with negative margins ([Fig. 2]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic treatment of a rectal neuroendocrine tumor (NET) using the clip-and-snare assisted endoscopic mucosal resection (CS-EMR) technique. a Colonoscopy showed a subepithelial lesion (arrows) with typical NET features of poorly protruded surface and superficial yellowish mucosa. b The clip gently clamped and pulled the lesion toward the endoscope to separate it from the muscularis propria. c The snare was advanced beneath the clip and tightly trapped the root of the lesion. d The lesion was resected with standard polypectomy settings. e A clean surgical wound was displayed. f The surgical wound was perfectly closed with only two clips.
Zoom Image
Fig. 2 Histological appearance confirming the resected specimen as a G1 neuroendocrine tumor with negative margins.

Unlike the previously reported grasp-and-snare EMR, which requires a dual-channel endoscope to deploy a snare and a biopsy forceps through each channel [3], this CS-EMR needs only a single-channel endoscope. Unlike with the “underwater” EMR technique, which may be affected by blind vision once bleeding occurs [4], the CS-EMR has no risk of causing bleeding before resection. Therefore, the easy and safe CS-EMR technique is a promising alternative to replace ESD in the treatment of small NETs.

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* contributed equally to this paper




Publikationsverlauf

Publikationsdatum:
29. Mai 2020 (online)

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