Drug Res (Stuttg) 2021; 71(01): 26-35
DOI: 10.1055/a-1252-2378
Original Article

Evaluation and Docking Study of Pyrazine Containing 1, 3, 4-Oxadiazoles Clubbed with Substituted Azetidin-2-one: A New Class of Potential Antimicrobial and Antitubercular

Dinesh Kumar Mehta


Background Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the main killers of people all over the world. The major hurdles with existing therapy are the lengthy regimen and appearance of multi drug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug resistant (XDR) strains of M.tuberculosis.

Aims The present work was aimed to synthesize and determine antitubercular and antimicrobial potential of some novel 3-chloro-4-aryl-1-[4-(5-pyrazin-2-yl[1,3,4]oxadiazole-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyl]-azetidin-2-one derivatives 7(a-h) from pyrazinoic acid as precursor, which is a well-established antitubercular agent. Here we report the synthesis of a new class of heterocyclic molecules in which pyrazine, 1, 3, 4-oxadiazole and azetidinone moieties were present in one frame work.

Methods Pyrazinoic acid (1) was esterified first (2) followed by amination to produce hydrazide (3) which was refluxed with POCl3 to obtain 2-chloromethyl-5pyrazino-1, 3, 4-oxadiazole (4). This was then further reacted with 4-amino phenol to obtain 4-[5-pyrazino-1, 3, 4-oxadiazol-2-yl-methoxy]-phenyl amine (5) which on condensation with various aromatic aldehydes afforded a series Schiff’s bases 6(a-h). Dehydrative annulations of 6(a-h) in the presence of chloroacetyl chloride and triethylamine yielded 3-chloro-4-aryl-1-[4-(5-pyrazin-2-yl-[1, 3, 4]oxadiazole-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyl]-azetidin-2-one derivatives 7(a-h). Antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular potential of all the synthesized compounds were assessed. Docking study was performed using the software VLife Engine tools of Vlifemds 4.6 on the protein lumazine synthase of M. tuberculosis (PDB entry code 2C92).

Results The present studies demonstrated that synthesized oxadiazole derivatives have good antimicrobial activity against the various microorganisms. Among the synthesized derivative, 7b and 7g were found to be prominent compounds which have potential antibacterial, antifungal and antitubercular activity (with MIC 3.12 µg/ml and high dock score ranging from −59.0 to −54.0) against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Conclusions Derivatives 7b and 7g would be effective lead candidates for tuberculosis therapy.

Supporting Information

Publication History

Received: 29 July 2020

Accepted: 30 August 2020

Article published online:
07 October 2020

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany