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Endoscopic removal of migrated esophageal stent: the “cap-assisted” method
A 65-year-old man presented with symptoms of dysphagia, abdominal pain, and retrosternal pain, and was eventually diagnosed with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the cardia. The patient was treated with palliative chemotherapy and esophageal stenting to relieve symptoms. Abdominal pain and dysphagia reappeared after only 3 months and he returned to the local hospital. Painless endoscopy disclosed that the stent had migrated and was located along the great curvature of the gastric body ([Fig. 1 a]). Repeated attempts to remove the stent failed. The patient then came to our hospital for treatment. Endoscopy revealed mild stenosis in the middle and lower esophagus caused by a tumor ([Fig. 1 b]), and the standard gastroscope (9.8 mm) encountered slight resistance through the narrow section. Under direct view of the endoscope, we grasped the fixing wire of the stent with a rat-tooth forceps and pulled it back it until the proximal end of the stent was fully retracted into the transparent cap (Olympus MH-463) to reduce the size of the stent and prevent its proximal end from damaging the esophageal mucosa during the removal process ([Fig. 1 c, d]). Afterwards, the stent was gently removed through the esophageal stricture, the upper esophageal sphincter, and the throat ([Video 1]). The whole procedure was completed in fewer than 6 minutes. Repeat endoscopy revealed mild bleeding from the surface of the tumor but no lesions elsewhere ([Fig. 1 e]).
Video 1 Endoscopic removal of the migrated esophageal stent using the “cap-assisted” method.
Esophageal stent migration is a common complication with an incidence of 14.6 % . Distal migration of the stent can lead to complications such as intestinal obstruction and impaction  . Furthermore, it is more difficult to remove the stent from patients with a tumor-involved circumferential esophageal mucosa. Many different approaches have been described, such as the “grasper and pusher” method . We provide a new safe and effective method to remove the migrated stent.
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01 October 2020 (online)
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