CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Int J Sports Med
DOI: 10.1055/a-1320-1116
Orthopedics & Biomechanics

Enduro World Series (EWS) Mountain Biking Injuries: A 2-year Prospective Study of 2010 Riders

Debbie Palmer
1  School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
2  School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
3  Institute for Sport, PE and Health Sciences, Moray House School of Education and Sport, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
,
Geraint Florida-James
1  School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
4  Mountain Bike Centre of Scotland, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
,
Chris Ball
5  Enduro World Series, Innerleithen, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
› Author Affiliations
Funding: The Enduro World Series funded the two-season rider injury surveillance study.

Abstract

The sport of Enduro is the newest International Cycling Union sanctioned discipline in mountain biking. There are a number of studies reporting mountain biking injury to date however there are none detailing injuries in Enduro. The aim of the present study was to determine the rate, severity and nature of rider injury during the Enduro World Series. Rider injury, and race and practice exposure data were recorded prospectively during 10 events across the 2017 and 2018 seasons. Incorporating 2010 riders (males 90%; females 10%) from 46 countries. 8.9% of riders were injured with mean 12.3 days time-loss per injury. Racing injury incidence was 38.3/1000 hours and practice injury incidence 3.6/1000 hours (p=0.01). The shoulder/clavicle (12.8% of all injuries), hand (9.0%) and head (9.0%) were the most injured locations. Concussion injury was the most frequent diagnosis (7.4%), and shoulder/clavicle fractures caused the greatest burden (442 total days lost). Of those with concussion 28.6% continued racing, and 42.9% reported no time-loss (i. e. time off) post-race. In conclusion, the rate of injury during EWS race events was comparable to Downhill racing. Targeted injury prevention strategies around rider concussion education and rider qualification criteria may help to reduce the risk of injury in Enduro.



Publication History

Received: 15 October 2020

Accepted: 12 November 2020

Publication Date:
21 December 2020 (online)

© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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