Endoscopy 2021; 53(12): E462-E463
DOI: 10.1055/a-1346-8044
E-Videos

Reintervention technique with insertion of an uncovered metal stent by a 5.4-Fr delivery system for an occluded endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy stent

Takeshi Ogura
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Nobu Nishioka
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Masanori Yamada
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
,
Kazuhide Higuchi
2nd Department of Internal Medicine, Osaka Medical College, Osaka, Japan
› Author Affiliations

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) is indicated for patients with failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) [1]. The clinical benefit of EUS-HGS using a long-length, partially covered, self-expandable metal stent (PCSEMS) to prevent stent migration has been reported [2] [3]. However, reintervention can be challenging in the event of stent obstruction because biliary access through a long-length PCSEMS is often difficult. Biliary access through the mesh of the EUS-HGS stent may be a useful reintervention technique [4] [5]. In this procedure, insertion of the device into the biliary tract is a limiting step because the lumen of the mesh is relatively narrow. A novel uncovered self-expandable metal stent (UCSEMS) has recently become available in Japan (YABUSAME; KANEKA Medical, Osaka, Japan) ([Fig. 1]). As the diameter of the stent delivery system is only 5.4 Fr and the tip is extremely tapered, stent delivery is performed by insertion along a guidewire. Here we describe the technique of reintervention through the mesh of an occluded EUS-HGS stent using the novel UCSEMS ([Video 1]).

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Fig. 1 The novel uncovered self-expandable metal stent with a 5.4-Fr stent delivery system (laser cut type, YABUSAME; KANEKA Medical, Osaka, Japan).

Video 1 The novel uncovered self-expandable metal stent delivery system was inserted into the biliary tract through the mesh of an endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy stent.


Quality:

A 78-year-old man had undergone EUS-HGS with a long-length PCSEMS for duodenal obstruction caused by pancreatic head cancer 6 months previously. Although chemotherapy was performed, obstructive jaundice occurred due to stent obstruction, and reintervention was attempted. After inserting an ERCP catheter into the biliary tract through the mesh of the PCSEMS ([Fig. 2 a]), a 0.025-inch guidewire was deployed. Cholangiography revealed stent occlusion ([Fig. 2 b]). The stent delivery system was then successfully inserted through the PCSEMS ([Fig. 2 c]), and the stent was successfully deployed across the stricture site using the novel UCSEMS (8 × 6 cm) with no adverse events ([Fig. 2 d]).

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Fig. 2 Reintervention through the occluded stent. a An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography catheter was inserted into the biliary tract through the mesh of the endoscopic ultrasound-guided hepaticogastrostomy stent. b Obstruction of the stent was apparent (arrow). c The novel uncovered self-expandable metal stent delivery system was inserted across the stricture site into the biliary tract. d Stent deployment was successfully performed.

In the case of occluded EUS-HGS stent, the technique of reintervention through its mesh using the novel UCSEMS appears to be useful and should be further evaluated in a greater number of patients.

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Publication History

Publication Date:
04 February 2021 (online)

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