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Chemosaturation with Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion: Outcome and Safety in Patients with Metastasized Uveal MelanomaArticle in several languages: English | deutsch
Purpose Chemosaturation percutaneous hepatic perfusion (CS-PHP) allows selective intrahepatic delivery of high dose cytotoxic melphalan in patients with curatively untreatable liver tumors while limiting systemic toxicity through hemofiltration of the hepatic venous blood. Aim of this study was to investigate the response to therapy, survival and safety of the CS-PHP procedure in patients with liver-dominant metastatic uveal melanoma (UM).
Materials and Methods Overall response rate (ORR) and disease control rate (DCR) were assessed according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST1.1). Median overall survival (mOS), median progression-free survival (mPFS) and hepatic progression-free survival (mhPFS) were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier estimation. Adverse events were evaluated with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.
Results Overall, 30 patients were treated with 70 CS-PHP in a salvage setting from October 2014 to January 2019. In total, ORR and DCR were 42.3 % and 80.8 %, respectively. Overall, mOS was 12 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 7–15) months, and both, mPFS and mhPFS were 6 months, respectively (95 % CI 4–10; 95 % CI 4–13). Adverse events (AE) most frequently included significant but transient hematologic toxicities (87 % of grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia), less frequent AEs were hepatic injury extending to liver failure (3 %), cardiovascular events including one case of ischemic stroke (3 %).
Conclusion Salvage treatment with CS-PHP is effective in selected patients with UM. The interventional procedure is safe. Serious hepatic and cardiovascular events, although rare, require careful patient selection and should be closely monitored.
CS-PHP is safe for selected patients with liver-dominant metastatic uveal melanoma.
CS-PHP resulted in hepatic disease control in 80 % of patients.
Hematologic events following CS-PHP are common but manageable.
Dewald CL, Hinrichs JB, Becker LS et al. Chemosaturation with Percutaneous Hepatic Perfusion: Outcome and Safety in Patients with Metastasized Uveal Melanoma. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2021; DOI: 10.1055/a-1348-1932
Key wordsangiography - chemotherapy - interventional procedures - percutaneous - interventional oncology
Received: 21 July 2020
Accepted: 04 January 2021
03 February 2021 (online)
© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
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