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Successful biliary stone removal after resolution of post-endoscopic sphincterotomy papillary stenosis using temporary covered metal stent placement
Although few studies have reported the frequency of papillary stenosis after endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST), serious complications such as bleeding and duodenal perforation are reported with repeated EST . For benign biliary stenosis, the usefulness of temporary placement of a fully covered self-expandable metal stent (FCSEMS) is reported . Herein, we describe successful biliary stone removal after resolution of post-EST papillary stenosis using temporary placement of a dumbbell-shaped FCSEMS (BONASTENT M-Intraductal; Sci-Tech Inc., Seoul, South Korea), which has a central saddle portion with a diameter 2 mm less than that of the proximal and distal portions to prevent stent migration.
A 79-year-old man who underwent total gastrectomy for gastric cancer 30 years previously was admitted to our hospital because of a recurrent biliary stone. The patient had undergone single-balloon enteroscopy (SBE)-assisted EST with lithotripsy for biliary stones 4 months prior to the present admission. The latest SBE showed a post-EST scar on the papilla ([Fig. 1]); subsequent cholangiography showed an 8-mm biliary stone. Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation was performed using a 10-mm balloon, but the post-EST papilla was hard, stenosed, and could only be dilated to 5 mm ([Fig. 2]). Lithotripsy was attempted but failed because the stone could not be grasped with a mechanical lithotripter. Therefore, an FCSEMS (10 mm × 4 cm) was placed across the papilla for stenosis resolution. Finally, a double-pigtail plastic stent was placed in the FCSEMS to prevent stone impaction ([Fig. 3]). The patient was readmitted 4 weeks later for stone removal. After the FCSEMS was removed, the stenosis was found to have resolved ([Fig. 4]) and the stone was successfully removed using a retrievable balloon catheter ([Video 1]).
Video 1 Successful biliary stone removal after resolution of post-endoscopic sphincterotomy papillary stenosis using dumbbell-shaped covered metal stent placement.
Our procedure was safe and could be useful for troubleshooting when removal of biliary stones is difficult because of hard stenosis of the papilla after EST.
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12 May 2021 (online)
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- 1 Elmi F, Silverman WB. Long-term biliary endoscopic sphincterotomy restenosis: incidence, endoscopic management, and complications of retreatment. Dig Dis Sci 2010; 55: 2102-2107
- 2 Tringali A, Reddy DN, Ponchon T. et al. Treatment of post-cholecystectomy biliary strictures with fully-covered self-expanding metal stents – results after 5 years of follow-up. BMC Gastroenterol 2019; 19: 214