Subscribe to RSS
Accidental gastrocolonic anastomosis by apposition stent: a one-month healing delay makes it possible to treat a stabilized gastrocolonic fistula rather than a double perforation
Misplacement of self-expandable apposition stent in the colon during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) transgastric drainage of a post-pancreatitis necrotic collection is a rare adverse event  leading to a double perforation (stomach and colon) if the stent is removed immediately. Therefore, we proposed a waiting strategy to transform gastrocolonic anastomosis into a gastrocolonic fistula.
éWe report the case of a 76-year-old man admitted for acute necrotizing pancreatitis in a general hospital in our area. During an attempt of transgastric drainage for a necrotic collection, the colon was accidentally targeted and the apposition stent deployed (Hot AXIOS; Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Massachusetts, USA), creating a gastrocolonic anastomosis. After discussion, we recommended leaving the stent in place for 1 month instead of dealing with two perforations (colon and stomach). After 4 weeks, the patient was referred to our center. To repair the communication, simultaneous upper and lower endoscopies were performed with two scopes ([Fig. 1], [Video 1]) to treat the two perforations in case the gastrocolonic attachment failed. The colonoscopy showed severe left colitis induced by gastric acid. The stent was removed using the upper gastrointestinal (GI) access and we confirmed the attachment of the stomach and colon through a stabilized fistula without any leakage.
Video 1 Endoscopic closure of the gastrocolonic fistula stabilized by a 1-month healing period.
éTo close the fistula, we combined circumferential endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) of the surrounding mucosa and over-the-scope clipping of the fistula tract as previously reported ([Fig. 2])   . Two hemoclips were additionally placed on the colonic side. Successful closure without leakage was confirmed radiologically with contrast opacification immediately and 1 month later during a necrosectomy procedure.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a 1-month waiting strategy to transform a gastrocolonic anastomosis into a fistula with stable attachment in order to facilitate endoscopic closure . Combining endoscopic submucosal dissection of the surrounding mucosa and over-the-scope clipping is effective to treat digestive fistulas.
Endoscopy E-Videos is an open access online section, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high quality video and all contributions are freely accessible online. Processing charges apply (currently EUR 375), discounts and wavers acc. to HINARI are available.
This section has its own submission
12 May 2021 (online)
© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany
- 1 Rana SS, Shah J, Kang M. et al. Complications of endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural drainage of pancreatic fluid collections and their management. Ann Gastroenterol 2019; 32: 441-450 DOI: 10.20524/aog.2019.0404.
- 2 Ciochina M, Cruceru M, Rivory J. et al. Esophagobronchial fistula after sleeve gastrectomy successfully treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection and over-the-scope clip. Endoscopy 2019; DOI: 10.1055/a-1011-4092.
- 3 Bertrand G, Jacques J, Rivory J. et al. Deep endoscopic submucosal dissection of a refractory tracheoesophageal fistula using clip-and-line traction: a successful closure. Endoscopy 2017; 49: 1278-1280 DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-119348.
- 4 Wallenhorst T, Jacques J, Bouguen G. et al. Successful closure of a rectal fistula of Crohn’s disease using endoscopic submucosal dissection combined with an over-the-scope clip. Am J Gastroenterol 2019; DOI: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000000366.
- 5 Keane MG, Barbouti O, Reffitt D. et al. Removal of a migrated lumen-apposing metal stent and endoscopic closure of a gastrocolonic fistula. Endoscopy 2020; 52: E170-E171 DOI: 10.1055/a-1011-3869.