Subscribe to RSS
Endoscopic submucosal dissection of a subepithelial neuroendocrine tumor located in the duodenum using a countertraction technique
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is the technique of choice to remove large superficial neoplasms of the esophagus, stomach, colon, and rectum . In the duodenum, for non-ampullary lesions, it has been associated with a high risk of perforation  owing to the relative thinness of the duodenal wall. Data with regard to ESD for subepithelial lesions are scarce. One study described a low rate of curative treatment for duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), but few patients were included . Techniques such as countertraction using a rubber band  and anchoring the clips to close the scar  can be considered to secure the procedure.
We herein report the case of a 58-year-old man with a non-ampullary duodenal subepithelial NET of 9 mm that was removed by ESD ([Video 1]). First, a circumferential incision was performed within the mucosa. Countertraction with two clips and a rubber band was then used to facilitate dissection of the lesion ([Fig. 1 a]). The lesion was removed en bloc. After the procedure, the scar was closed by anchoring the clips: small mucosal incisions were performed around the scar ([Fig. 1 b]) to allow better grip for the clip at each edge of the scar without their slipping ([Fig. 1 c]). The patient was discharged the day after the procedure without experiencing any adverse events.
Video 1 Endoscopic submucosal dissection of a subepithelial neuroendocrine tumor located in the duodenum using a countertraction technique.
The pathology report revealed a well differentiated NET, G2 (Ki-67 index 4 %; mitotic count 1), without perineural invasion but with lymphatic emboli. The NET was completely resected by the procedure. Surveillance was determined to be the appropriate further management by a NET multidisciplinary team.
This case highlights the feasibility of ESD for subepithelial NETs located in the duodenum. It also illustrates the countertraction technique and closure of the scar by anchoring the clips to secure the procedure. This must however only be done in highly selected patients and by skilled endoscopists.
Endoscopy E-Videos is an open access online section, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high quality video and all contributions are freely accessible online. Processing charges apply (currently EUR 375), discounts and wavers acc. to HINARI are available.
This section has its own submission
31 May 2021 (online)
© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany
- 1 Pimentel-Nunes P, Dinis-Ribeiro M, Ponchon T. et al. Endoscopic submucosal dissection: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Guideline. Endoscopy 2015; 47: 829-854
- 2 Watanabe D, Hayashi H, Kataoka Y. et al. Efficacy and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection for non-ampullary duodenal polyps: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Dig Liver Dis 2019; 51: 774-781
- 3 Kobara H, Miyaoka Y, Ikeda Y. et al. Outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection for subepithelial lesions localized within the submucosa, including neuroendocrine tumors: a multicenter prospective study. J Gastrointest Liver Dis 2020; 29: 41-49
- 4 Jacques J, Charissoux A, Bordillon P. et al. High proficiency of colonic endoscopic submucosal dissection in Europe thanks to countertraction strategy using a double clip and rubber band. Endosc Int Open 2019; 7: E1166-E1174
- 5 Otake Y, Saito Y, Sakamoto T. et al. New closure technique for large mucosal defects after endoscopic submucosal dissection of colorectal tumors (with video). Gastrointest Endosc 2012; 75: 663-667