Synlett
DOI: 10.1055/a-1507-6499
letter

H2O2-Promoted Alkylation of Quinoxalin-2(1H)-ones with Styrenes and Dimethyl Sulfoxide

Xiaoyang Zhong
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
,
Hua Yao
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
,
Bingqing Wang
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
,
Zhaohua Yan
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
,
Feng Xiong
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
,
Sen Lin
Department of Chemistry, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, P. R. of China
› Author Affiliations
We thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21362022) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (No. 20192BAB203006) for financial support.


Abstract

A hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated quinoxaline-2(1H)-ones hydrocarbylation reaction has been reported. The reaction is achieved through the difunctionalization of styrene. In this transformation, methyl radical resulting from dimethyl sulfoxide firstly attacks styrenes to provide alkyl radicals which then undergo alkylation at the C3 position of quinoxalin-2(1H)-one. A green, convenient, and simple protocol for the synthesis of 3-alkylquinoxalin-2(1H)-ones was provided.

Supporting Information



Publication History

Received: 23 April 2021

Accepted after revision: 12 May 2021

Publication Date:
12 May 2021 (online)

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved

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  • 11 Hydrocarbylation Products 3 – General Procedure Quinoxalin-2(1H)-ones 1 (0.3 mmol), styrene 2 (2 equiv), H2O2 (30% in water, 3 equiv), and DMSO (2 mL) were mixed and stirred at 120 ℃ in a sealed tube under N2 for 12 h. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, water (10 mL) was added, followed by extraction diluted with ethyl acetate (3 × 10 mL). The combined organic portion was dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel with a mixture of petroleum ether and ethyl acetate as eluent to afford various target compounds. Compound 3a was obtained in 81% yield (67.8 mg) according to the general procedure as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 7.92 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.53–7.48 (m, 1 H), 7.47–7.43 (m, 2 H), 7.37–7.31 (m, 1 H), 7.29–7.23 (m, 3 H), 7.19–7.14 (m, 1 H), 4.58 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.62 (s, 3 H), 2.32 (m, 1 H), 2.09 (m, 1 H), 0.92 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3 H). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 161.39, 154.65, 141.63, 133.00, 132.83, 130.13, 129.64, 128.70, 128.25, 126.51, 123.39, 113.44, 49.15, 29.10, 27.10, 12.42. HRMS (ESI-TOF): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C18H18N2O: 279.1492; found: 279.1488.
  • 12 Hydrocarbylation Products 4 – General Procedure Quinoxalin-2(1H)-ones 1 (0.3 mmol), styrene 2 (2 equiv), H2O2 (30% in water, 3 equiv), and DMSO (2 mL) were mixed and stirred at 120 °C in a sealed tube under N2 for 12 h. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, water (10 mL) was added, followed by extraction diluted with ethyl acetate (3 × 10 mL). The combined organic portion was dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel with a mixture of petroleum ether and ethyl acetate as eluent to afford various target compounds. Compound 4e was obtained in 72% yield (63.2 mg) according to the general procedure as a colorless oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 7.95 (dd, J = 8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.51 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.37–7.33 (m, 1 H), 7.27–7.25 (m, 1 H), 7.22 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (dd, J = 6.5, 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.07–7.03 (m, 2 H), 4.81 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.61 (s, 3 H), 2.64 (s, 3 H), 2.31–2.27 (m, 1 H), 2.04–1.99 (m, 1 H), 0.93 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3 H). 13C NMR (101 MHz, CDCl3): δ = 161.66, 140.20, 137.16, 132.75, 130.32, 130.09, 129.58, 126.94, 126.20, 125.72, 123.37, 113.44, 44.29, 29.07, 27.65, 20.05, 12.31. HRMS (ESI-TOF): m/z [M + H]+ calcd for C19H20N2O: 293.1648; found: 293.1641.