Endoscopy 2022; 54(06): E266-E267
DOI: 10.1055/a-1512-8024
E-Videos

Endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting for acute cholecystitis using a novel integrated inside biliary stent and nasobiliary drainage catheter system

Department of Gastroenterology, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
,
Takuji Kawamura
Department of Gastroenterology, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
,
Koji Uno
Department of Gastroenterology, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
,
Kenjiro Yasuda
Department of Gastroenterology, Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital, Kyoto, Japan
› Author Affiliations

A novel integrated inside biliary stent and dedicated nasobiliary drainage catheter system (UMIDAS NB stent; Olympus Medical Systems, Tokyo, Japan) has been recently developed in Japan. The 7-Fr biliary stent placed over a 4-Fr nasobiliary drainage catheter can be deployed simultaneously using a dedicated pushing catheter over the guidewire [1] ([Fig. 1]). Here, we describe a case of successful endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting for acute cholecystitis using this drainage system.

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Fig. 1 A novel integrated inside biliary stent and nasobiliary drainage catheter system that includes a 4-Fr nasobiliary drainage catheter with multiple side holes with a radiopaque marker near the tip (blue arrow), a 7-Fr inside biliary stent with a lasso (red arrow), and a 7.5-Fr pushing catheter with a locking system (yellow arrow).

A 77-year-old man, who underwent endoscopic sphincterotomy for biliary stones 2 months prior, was admitted for moderate gallstone-induced cholecystitis. Emergency cholecystectomy and percutaneous gallbladder drainage were considered high risk owing to percutaneous coronary intervention 1 month earlier, followed by dual antiplatelet therapy. Therefore, we performed endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage using the novel integrated biliary stent and nasobiliary drainage catheter system ([Fig. 2]). We then performed gallbladder irrigation with saline via the nasobiliary drainage catheter, as appropriate.

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Fig. 2 Fluoroscopy shows a naso-gallbladder drainage catheter with an inside biliary stent placed.

A cholecystogram via the nasobiliary drainage catheter performed 2 days later showed contrast medium drained from the gallbladder into the lower bile duct and duodenum ([Fig. 3]). After acute cholecystitis improved 7 days later, the nasobiliary drainage catheter, stretched using a 0.025-inch guidewire (VisiGlide 2; Olympus Medical Systems), was removed and the biliary stent was placed from the gallbladder to the common bile duct as a bridge to cholecystectomy under fluoroscopic guidance ([Fig. 4], [Video 1]). The patient was discharged without any adverse events on post-endoscopic naso-gallbladder drainage day 10.

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Fig. 3 Cholecystogram via the naso-gallbladder drainage catheter on post-gallbladder drainage day 2 shows that the contrast medium drains from the gallbladder into the lower bile duct (blue arrow) and duodenum (red arrow).
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Fig. 4 a Fluoroscopy on post-gallbladder drainage day 7 shows that the biliary stent is placed from the neck of the gallbladder to the lower bile duct. b A computed tomography image on post-gallbladder drainage day 9 shows that the biliary stent is placed from the neck of the gallbladder to the lower bile duct.

Video 1 Endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder stenting for acute cholecystitis using a novel integrated biliary stent and nasobiliary drainage catheter system.


Quality:

This case suggests that this novel integrated inside biliary stent and dedicated nasobiliary drainage catheter system may be useful for endoscopic transpapillary gallbladder drainage, because it allows gallbladder irrigation via the nasobiliary drainage catheter and allows switching from external drainage to internal stenting without another endoscopic procedure. Further studies involving many cases are needed to validate its safety and efficacy.

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Publication History

Article published online:
18 June 2021

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