Endoscopy 2022; 54(06): 555-562
DOI: 10.1055/a-1640-4365
Original article

The endoscopic ultrasound features of pancreatic fluid collections and their impact on therapeutic decisions: an interobserver agreement study

Carlo Fabbri
1   Unit of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital of Forlì and Bufalini Hospital of Cesena, AUSL Romagna, Italy
,
Todd H. Baron
2   Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
,
1   Unit of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital of Forlì and Bufalini Hospital of Cesena, AUSL Romagna, Italy
,
Paolo Giorgio Arcidiacono
3   Pancreato-biliary Endoscopy and Endosonography Division, Pancreas Translational and Clinical Research Center, San Raffaele Scientific Institute IRCCS, Milan, Italy
,
1   Unit of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy, Morgagni-Pierantoni Hospital of Forlì and Bufalini Hospital of Cesena, AUSL Romagna, Italy
,
Andrea Anderloni
4   Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Division of Gastroenterology, Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano, Milano, Italy
,
Gianenrico Rizzatti
5   Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
6   CERTT, Center for Endoscopic Research Therapeutics and Training, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
,
7   Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Hospital Universitario Rio Hortega, Valladolid, Spain
,
8   Gastroenterology Unit, Hospital of Imola, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
,
Loredana Correale
5   Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
,
9   Endoscopy Unit, Digestive Diseases Department, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
,
10   Endoscopy Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services, IRCCS-ISMETT, Palermo, Italy
,
Maria Chiara Petrone
3   Pancreato-biliary Endoscopy and Endosonography Division, Pancreas Translational and Clinical Research Center, San Raffaele Scientific Institute IRCCS, Milan, Italy
,
11   Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova di Reggio Emilia, AUSL-IRCCS di Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy
,
8   Gastroenterology Unit, Hospital of Imola, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
,
Alberto Larghi
5   Digestive Endoscopy Unit, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
6   CERTT, Center for Endoscopic Research Therapeutics and Training, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
› Author Affiliations


Abstract

Background A validated classification of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) morphological characteristics and consequent therapeutic intervention(s) in pancreatic and peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) is lacking. We performed an interobserver agreement study among expert endosonographers assessing EUS-related PFC features and the therapeutic approaches used.

Methods 50 EUS videos of PFCs were independently reviewed by 12 experts and evaluated for PFC type, percentage solid component, presence of infection, recognition of and communication with the main pancreatic duct (MPD), stent choice for drainage, and direct endoscopic necrosectomy (DEN) performance and timing. The Gwet’s AC1 coefficient was used to assess interobserver agreement.

Results A moderate agreement was found for lesion type (AC1, 0.59), presence of infection (AC1, 0.41), and need for DEN (AC1, 0.50), while fair or poor agreements were stated for percentage solid component (AC1, 0.15) and MPD recognition (AC1, 0.31). Substantial agreement was rated for ability to assess PFC–MPD communication (AC1, 0.69), decision between placing a plastic versus lumen-apposing metal stent (AC1, 0.62), and timing of DEN (AC1, 0.75).

Conclusions Interobserver agreement between expert endosonographers regarding morphological features of PFCs appeared suboptimal, while decisions on therapeutic approaches seemed more homogeneous. Studies to achieve standardization of the diagnostic endosonographic criteria and therapeutic approaches to PFCs are warranted.

Supplementary material



Publication History

Received: 10 January 2021

Accepted: 08 September 2021

Accepted Manuscript online:
08 September 2021

Article published online:
31 March 2022

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