Endoscopy 2021; 53(12): 1274-1281
DOI: 10.1055/a-1659-3609
Editorial

Endoscopic abbreviations – Update 2021

Deborah E. Bowman
,
Peter D. Siersema
,
,
Teresa Brady
Publication information

This article is published simultaneously in the journals Endoscopy and Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Copyright 2021 © by Georg Thieme Verlag KG and © by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Back in 2016 GIE and Endoscopy jointly published a first list of preferred endoscopic abbreviations [1] [2]. We now present the 2021 update – and we have even included advice on how to show plurals! We hope this list will be useful for our authors and readers.

Deborah E. Bowman, MFA, ELS
Senior Managing Editor of Clinical Publications, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Peter D. Siersema, MD, PhD
Editor-in-Chief, Endoscopy

Michael B. Wallace, MD, MPH
Editor-in-Chief, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Teresa Brady, BSc
Chief Copy Editor, Endoscopy

Table 1

Word or phrase

Abbreviation

acute biliary pancreatitis

ABP

acute necrotic collection

ANC

acute pancreatitis

Write in full

acute peripancreatic fluid collection

APFC

adenoma detection rate

ADR

adjusted odds ratio

adjusted OR

adverse event

AE

analysis of covariance

ANCOVA

analysis of variance

ANOVA

anteroposterior

Write in full

area under receiver operating characteristic curve

AUROC

argon plasma coagulation

APC

artificial intelligence

AI

artificial neural network

ANN

autofluorescence imaging

AFI

autoimmune pancreatitis

AIP

Barrett's esophagus

BE

benign biliary stricture

BBS

biosimilar

BSim

body mass index

BMI

Boston Bowel Preparation Scale

BBPS

capsule endoscopy

Use video capsule endoscopy (VCE)

carcinoembryonic antigen

CEA

celiac plexus neurolysis

CPN

charge-coupled device

CCD

cholangiocarcinoma

CCA

choledochoduodenostomy

CDS

chronic pancreatitis

Write in full

Clinical Outcomes Research Initiative

CORI

colorectal cancer

CRC

common bile duct

CBD

computed tomographic colonography

CTC

computed tomography

CT

computer-aided detection

CADe

computer-aided diagnosis

CADx

confidence interval

CI [no need to expand]

confidence limit

CL

confocal laser endomicroscopy

CLE

contrast enhancement

Write in full

contrast harmonic endoscopic ultrasound

CH-EUS

C-reactive protein

CRP

Crohn’s disease

CD

cumulative sum

CUSUM

diagnostic odds ratio

DOR

digital single-operator cholangioscopy

dSOC

direct action oral anticoagulant

DOAC

direct endoscopic necrosectomy

DEN

dose–area product

DAP

double-balloon enteroscopy

DBE

early gastric cancer

EGC

electrohydraulic lithotripsy

EHL

electronic chromoendoscopy

ECE

endoscope-based confocal laser endomicroscopy

eCLE

endoscopic full-thickness resection

EFTR

endoscopic mucosal resection

EMR

endoscopic resection

ER

endoscopic retrograde cholangiography

ERC

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde pancreatography

ERP

endoscopic sphincterotomy

ES

endoscopic submucosal dissection

ESD

endoscopic ultrasound or endoscopic ultrasonography

EUS

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

ELISA

eosinophilic esophagitis

EoE

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

ESR

esophageal adenocarcinoma

EAC

esophageal introitus

Replace by upper esophageal sphincter (UES)

esophageal peroral endoscopic myotomy

ePOEM

esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

ESCC

esophagogastric junction

EGJ

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EGD

EUS-directed transgastric ERCP

EDGE

EUS-guided biliary drainage

EUS-BD

EUS-guided fine-needle aspiration

EUS-FNA

EUS-guided fine-needle biopsy

EUS-FNB

EUS-guided gallbladder drainage

EUS-GBD

EUS-guided gastroenterostomy

EUS-GE

EUS-guided tissue acquisition

EUS-TA

extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

ESWL

familial adenomatous polyposis

FAP

fecal immunochemical test

FIT

fecal occult blood test

FOBT

fine-needle aspiration

FNA

fine-needle biopsy

FNB

first-degree relative

FDR

flexible sigmoidoscopy

Use sigmoidoscopy; write in full

flexible spectral imaging color enhancement

FICE

fluorescence in situ hybridization

FISH

fluorodeoxyglucose

FDG

fully covered self-expandable metal stent

FCSEMS

gastric intestinal metaplasia

GIM

gastric outlet obstruction

GOO

Gastric Outlet Obstruction Scoring System

GOOSS

gastroesophageal junction

GEJ

gastroesophageal reflux disease

GERD

gastrointestinal

GI

GI stromal tumor

GIST

hazard ratio

HR

Helicobacter pylori

Hp

hematoxylin and eosin

H&E

hepatic abscess

Write in full

hepaticogastrostomy

HGS

hepaticojejunostomy

HJS

hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer
[or use Lynch syndrome]

HNPCC

high definition

HD

high grade dysplasia

HGD

high grade intraepithelial neoplasia

HGIN

high resolution manometry

HRM

hyperplastic polyp

HPP

image-enhanced endoscopy

IEE

immunoglobulin

Ig

infected pancreatic necrosis

IPN

inflammatory bowel disease

IBD

intention-to-treat

ITT

international normalized ratio

INR

interquartile range

IQR

intestinal metaplasia

IM

intraductal cholangioscopy

IDC

intraductal pancreatoscopy

IDP

intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm

IPMN

intraductal ultrasonography

IDUS

intramucosal

Write in full

intramuscular

Write in full

irritable bowel syndrome

IBS

laparoscopic and endoscopic [luminal] combined surgery

LECS

laparoscopy-assisted ERCP

LA-ERCP

laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy

LIFS

laterally spreading lesion

LSL

likelihood ratio

LR

lower esophageal sphincter

LES

lower GI bleeding

LGIB

low grade dysplasia

LGD

low grade intraepithial neoplasia

LGIN

lumen-apposing metal stent

LAMS

lymph node

LN

lymph node metastasis

LNM

magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

MRCP

magnetic resonance enterography

MRE

magnetic resonance imaging

MRI

mean adenomas per procedure

MAP

metabolic syndrome

Write in full

mucinous cystic neoplasm

MCN

mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue

MALT

mucosal vascular pattern

MVP

narrow-band imaging

NBI

nasogastric

Write in full

nasogastric tube

NGT

natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery

NOTES

necrotizing pancreatitis

Write in full

needle-based confocal laser endomicroscopy

nCLE

negative predictive value

NPV

neuroendocrine tumor

NET

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSAID

normal saline solution

NSS

novel oral anticoagulant

NOAC

number needed to treat

NNT

obscure GI bleeding

OGIB

odds ratio

OR

open gastrojejunostomy

OGJ

open-access endoscopy

OAE

oral sodium sulfate

OSS

orthotopic liver transplantation

OLT

over-the-scope

OTS

pancreatic duct

PD

pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

PDAC

pancreatic fluid collection

PFC

pancreatic pseudocyst

PPC

pancreatic stent placement

PSP

partially covered self-expandable metal stent

PCSEMS

patient/population–intervention–comparison–outcome

PICO

peptic ulcer disease

PUD

percutaneous drainage

PCD

percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy

PEG-J

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

PEG

percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy

PEJ

percutaneous endoscopic necrosectomy

PEN

percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage

PTBD

peroral endoscopic myotomy

POEM

peroral pancreatoscopy

POPS

per-rectal endoscopic myotomy

PREM

photodynamic therapy

PDT

polyethylene glycol

Write in full

polyglycolic acid

PGA

polymerase chain reaction

PCR

polyp detection rate

PDR

positive predictive value

PPV

positron emission tomography

PET

post-ERCP pancreatitis

PEP

Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopic Innovations

PIVI

primary sclerosing cholangitis

PSC

probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy

pCLE

proton pump inhibitor

PPI

quality of life

QoL

radiofrequency ablation

RFA

randomized controlled trial

RCT

rapid on-site evaluation

ROSE

receiver operating characteristic

ROC

rectal telangiectasia density

Write in full

region of interest

ROI

relative risk or risk ratio

RR

Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

RYGB

screening colonoscopy

Write in full

self-expandable metal stent

SEMS

serious adverse event

SAE

serous cystic neoplasm

SCN

sessile serrated lesion with/without dysplasia

SSL with/without dysplasia

single-balloon enteroscopy

SBE

single-operator cholangioscopy

SOC

small bowel

Write in full

small-bowel capsule endoscopy

SBCE

solid pseudopapillary neoplasm

SPN

spastic esophageal disorder

SED

sphincter of Oddi dysfunction

SOD

sphincter of Oddi manometry

SOM

squamous cell carcinoma

SCC

standard deviation

SD [no need to expand]

standard error

SE [no need to expand]

standard error of the mean

SEM [no need to expand]

standardized incidence ratio

SIR

submucosal

Write in full

submucosal fluid cushion

Write in full

submucosal gland

SMG

submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection

STER

systemic inflammatory response syndrome

SIRS

through-the-scope

TTS

total radiation dose

TRD

tracheoesophageal fistula

TEF

traditional serrated adenoma

TSA

transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

TIPS

ulcerative colitis

UC

uncovered self-expandable metal stent

USEMS

underwater EMR

UEMR

upper esophageal sphincter

UES

upper GI bleeding

UGIB

video capsule endoscopy

VCE

visual analog scale

VAS

volatile organic compound

VOC

walled-off necrosis

WON

walled-off pancreatic necrosis

Use WON

water exchange

Write in full

water immersion

Write in full

white-light colonoscopy

WLC

white-light endoscopy

WLE

white-light imaging

WLI

wire-guided cannulation

WGC

Zenker’s diverticulum peroral endoscopic myotomy

zPOEM

Brand name

Abbreviation

Barrx-HALO radiofrequency ablation method

RFA-HALO

DualKnife

Write in full

Hemoclip

Replace with hemostatic clip

Hemospray

Replace with hemostatic spray

HybridKnife

Write in full

i-SCAN digital contrast

I-SCAN

OTSC

Replace with OTS clip

SpyGlass, SpyProbe, SpyBite cholangioscopy system

Replace with intraductal cholangioscopy (IDC)
Also may be digital single-operator cholangioscopy (dSOC)

WavSTAT

Replace with laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIFS)

Note: A lower-case “s” is added for plurals; e. g. “self-expandable metal stents” is “SEMSs.”



Publication History

Publication Date:
29 October 2021 (online)

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