Endoscopy 2022; 54(11): E664-E665
DOI: 10.1055/a-1738-9357
E-Videos

Sequential endoscopic balloon dilations using a calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent hood for a patient with 10 ileal strictures secondary to Crohn’s disease

1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
2   Department of Surgery, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
,
1   Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan
› Author Affiliations

Patients with Crohnʼs disease may have multiple strictures of the small intestine, and surgical resection can lead to short-bowel syndrome. Endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) is an alternative treatment to avoid surgical resection [1]; however, it is considered challenging to perform EBDs of multiple strictures. The calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent (CAST) hood (TOP Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) ([Fig. 1]) [2] makes it easier to insert a guidewire and a balloon catheter through a stricture. The CAST hood enables measurement of the strictureʼs inner diameter ([Fig. 2]), which is an important factor in choosing the appropriate size of balloon catheter for EBD. Although the passage through dilated strictures is frequently difficult, the CAST hood makes it easier to pass through post-EBD strictures. Therefore, the CAST hood makes it easier to perform EBDs of multiple strictures.

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Fig. 1 Photographs showing: a a close-up view of the calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent (CAST) hood; b the device fitted to the tip of a therapeutic-type double-balloon endoscope (EN-580T; Fujifilm, Tokyo, Japan).
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Fig. 2 Endoscopic view showing how the calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent (CAST) hood has calibration lines at 7, 8, and 9 mm on its outer wall, which enables measurement of the inner diameter of a stricture.

Furthermore, endoscopic enteroclysis during double-balloon endoscopy (DBE) is helpful to evaluate multiple strictures. We can perform endoscopic enteroclysis more effectively by inflating the endoscope-tipped balloon, which blocks the backflow of contrast medium that is injected via the scope channel.

We here report a case involving multiple strictures treated by sequential EBDs. A 58-year-old man with Crohn’s disease, with previous episodes of bowel obstruction, underwent a retrograde DBE. We found an ulcerated stricture at 35 cm proximal to the ileocecal valve. Endoscopic enteroclysis, in combination with the water exchange method, revealed a total of 10 strictures ([Fig. 3 a]). Six months after remission induction therapy, we successfully performed sequential EBDs using DBE plus a CAST hood, resulting in the dilation of all 10 strictures up to 13.5 mm in a single procedure ([Fig. 3 b]; [Video 1]). After this treatment, the patient’s obstructive symptoms disappeared.

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Fig. 3 Radiographic images during retrograde double-balloon endoscopy showing: a 10 strictures revealed on endoscopic enteroclysis in a man with Crohnʼs disease; b after 6 months of induction therapy, dilation of all 10 strictures up to 13.5 mm by sequential endoscopic balloon dilation using the calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent (CAST) hood.

Video 1 Sequential endoscopic balloon dilations using a calibrated small-caliber-tip transparent (CAST) hood for a patient with 10 ileal strictures secondary to Crohn’s disease.


Quality:

In conclusion, the CAST hood facilitates sequential EBDs for multiple strictures secondary to Crohn’s disease. With the use of this method, the need for surgical intestinal resection might be avoided, even in patients with multiple strictures.

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Publication History

Article published online:
15 February 2022

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