CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · AJP Rep 2022; 12(01): e108-e112
DOI: 10.1055/a-1740-5463
Case Report

Rare Presentation of Limb–Body Wall Complex in a Neonate: Case Report and Review of Literature

Omoloro Adeleke
1   Department of Pediatrics, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee
Farrukh Gill
2   Department of Pathology, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee
1   Department of Pediatrics, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee
› Author Affiliations


The limb–body wall complex (LBWC) aka body stalk syndrome is an uncommon congenital disorder characterized by severe malformations of limb, thorax, and abdomen, characterized by the presence of thoracoschisis, abdominoschisis, limb defects, and exencephaly. This condition is extremely rare with an incidence of 1 per 14,000 and 1 per 31,000 pregnancies in large epidemiologic studies. Majority of these malformed fetuses end up with spontaneous abortions. We present this rare case with occurrence in a preterm infant of 35 weeks' gestation. Our report highlights majority of the clinical presentations as reported in previous literature, but the significant pathological findings of absent genitalia and malformed genitourinary as well as anorectal malformations make this case presentation an even more rare occurrence. Infant karyotyping was normal male and there is no specific underlying genetic correlation in this condition which has a fatal prognosis.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Research involving human participants and/or animals–ethical approval: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the Declaration of Helsinki 1964 and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Publication History

Received: 16 August 2021

Accepted: 20 December 2021

Accepted Manuscript online:
14 January 2022

Article published online:
11 March 2022

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