Drug Res (Stuttg) 2022; 72(05): 238-244
DOI: 10.1055/a-1785-4133
Review

Caveolins: Expression of Regulating Systemic Physiological Functions in Various Predicaments

Prabhat Kumar Upadhyay
1   Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, GLA University Mathura, UP, India
,
Vishal Kumar Vishwakarma
2   Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
,
Ritesh Kumar Srivastav
3   Faculty of Pharmacy, Kamla Nehru Institute of Management & Technology, Sultanpur, UP, India
› Institutsangaben

Abstract

Caveolins are membrane proteins which contains caveolae. They are present in the plasma membrane. Many researchers found that caveolae have been associated with expression of the caveolins in major physiological networks of mammalian cells. Subtypes of caveolin including caveolin-1 and caveolin-2 have been found in micro arteries of rat brain, while caveolin-3 has been found in astrocytes. Caveolin-1 and caveolae play important roles in Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, ischemic preconditioning-mediated cardio-protection, postmenopausal alterations in women, and age-related neurodegeneration. Caveolin-1 may modify fatty acid transmembrane flux in adipocytes. The discovery of a link between ischemia preconditioning, cardio-protection, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase has supported cardiovascular research tremendously. Therefore, caveolins are effective in regulation of cellular, cardiovascular, brain, and immune processes. They ascertain new signalling pathways and link the functionalities of these pathways. This review paper focuses on contribution of caveolins in various conditions, caveolin expression at the molecular level and their physiological effects in many organ systems.



Publikationsverlauf

Eingereicht: 26. Januar 2022

Angenommen: 28. Februar 2022

Artikel online veröffentlicht:
14. April 2022

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