CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Endoscopy
DOI: 10.1055/a-1884-0065
E-Videos

Endoscopic full-thickness resection with double-layer closure by endoscopic hand suturing for a gastric subepithelial tumor

1   Endoscopy Center, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
Eriko Koizumi
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
Takeshi Onda
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
Jun Omori
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
Naohiko Akimoto
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
,
Katsuhiko Iwakiri
2   Department of Gastroenterology, Nippon Medical School, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations

Gastric endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFTR) requires secure full-thickness defect closure [1]. Here, we report a successful case of EFTR with endoscopic hand suturing that provided a double-layer closure [2] [3] [4].

A 72-year-old woman was referred to our department with a 20-mm gastric subepithelial tumor on the lesser curvature of the middle gastric body, which was histologically diagnosed as a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). EFTR was considered preferable because the neural–vascular network in the lesser omentum was preserved. With the patient under general anesthesia, a single port was placed for a 5-mm laparoscope for security. After the overtube had been placed, the lesion was removed en bloc in a full-thickness fashion and was transorally retrieved ([Fig. 1 a, b]; [Video 1]).

Zoom Image
Fig. 1 Endoscopic views of gastric endoscopic full-thickness resection followed by double-layer closure with endoscopic hand suturing showing: a a gastrointestinal stromal tumor located on the lesser curvature of the middle body of the stomach, for which a circumferential mucosal incision and submucosal dissection are performed; b the full-thickness defect that is created; c endoscopic hand suturing of the muscular layers initially; d subsequent continuous suturing of the mucosal layers; e complete closure of the full-thickness defect.

Video 1 Full-thickness resection of a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor is performed, which is followed by double-layer suturing of the defect using the endoscopic hand suturing technique to continuously suture first the muscular layer and then the mucosa.


Quality:

Subsequently, double-layer suturing was performed by endoscopic hand suturing ([Fig. 1 c–e]). In a retroflexed view, continuous suturing with a flexible needle holder (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) was firstly initiated for the muscular layer with a V-loc absorbable barbed suture (Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts, USA). After the muscular layer had been tightly sutured, the remnant suture was cut with scissor forceps (Olympus) and transorally retrieved. Subsequently, the mucosal layer was sutured similarly to the muscular layer.

The procedure duration was 112 minutes, including the resection and suturing times of 34 and 66 minutes, respectively. The patient resumed her diet on postoperative day 3 and was discharged without experiencing any adverse events on postoperative day 10. Histology showed complete resection of a low risk GIST.

With well-maintained endoscopic visualization, layer-to-layer closure is possible for a full-thickness defect, providing safe and reliable EFTR for gastric subepithelial tumors. Further accumulation of clinical experience is desirable.

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Publication History

Article published online:
29 July 2022

© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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