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A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Randomized, Single Ascending, and Multiple Dose Phase 1 Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of Oral Dose Isomyosamine Capsules in Healthy Adult Subjects
Background Aging is tightly linked to chronic disease, frailty, and death. Multi-morbidity, defined as the presence in the same patient of three or more conditions such as neoplastic, cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, metabolic, or autoimmune diseases, becomes more common with age.
Methods The study was performed in a double-blind fashion. Subjects within each dose cohort (Cohorts 1, 2, 3, and 4) were randomly assigned to receive Isomyosamine doses (between 150 mg to 600 mg or placebo) or placebo in a 3:1 ratio (6 active: 2 placebo).
Results Isomyosamine single daily doses each of 150 mg, 300 mg, and 450 mg for 3 days and multiple daily doses of 600 mg for 6 days were safe and well tolerated in healthy subjects. In one dose group, there was a decrease in TNF-α levels found in Isomyosamine treated subjects, but no change in the levels in subjects given placebo. The increase in Isomyosamine exposure was proportional to dose across the dose range of 300 mg to 600 mg when administered as a single dose. There was minimal accumulation of Isomyosamine following 5 days of once daily dosing of Isomyosamine 600 mg. Isomyosamine half-life ranged from approximately 15 minutes to 45 minutes across all doses in the single ascending dose and multiple ascending dose portion of the study. Elimination of Isomyosamine included the renal pathway as a minor route.
Conclusion Isomyosamine will continue to be investigated in phase 2 clinical trials for the treatment of sarcopenia/frailty, hashimoto’s thyroiditis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Received: 29 April 2022
Accepted: 15 October 2022
Article published online:
11 November 2022
© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
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