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Prolonged patency of fully covered self-expandable metal stents with an externally anchored plastic stent in distal malignant biliary obstructionSupported by: Grant from the National Cancer Center, Korea 2212470–1
Background Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) are widely used for endoscopic treatment of distal malignant biliary obstruction (dMBO). We aimed to assess the efficacy of anchoring an external plastic stent to an FCSEMS in dMBO.
Methods A multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed in patients with dMBO to compare stent patency between FCSEMSs and FCSEMSs with an externally anchored plastic stent (EPS). For external anchoring, a 7-Fr double-pigtail plastic stent (DPPS) was placed first in the bile duct, then an FCSEMS was deployed side-by-side.
Results Among a total of 185 patients, 65 had an FCSEMS alone and 120 had an FCSEMS with an EPS. The median stent patency was significantly longer in the FCSEMS with an EPS group than in the FCSEMS only group (342 vs. 240 days; P = 0.04). The rate of stent migration was significantly lower in the FCSEMS with an EPS group than in the FCSEMS only group (10.8 % vs. 27.7 %; P = 0.01). There were no significant differences in the rates of stent occlusion and adverse events between the two groups.
Conclusions A novel and simple technique of anchoring an external plastic stent may decrease the risk of FCSEMS migration and prolong stent patency, without significantly increasing the adverse events rate in dMBO.
‡ Joint first authors
Tables 1 s, 2 s
Received: 09 June 2022
Accepted after revision: 23 November 2022
Article published online:
03 February 2023
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