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Single-tunnel Zenker’s diverticulum peroral endoscopic myotomy
Zenker’s diverticulum peroral endoscopic myotomy (zPOEM) revolutionized the endoscopic treatment of Zenker’s diverticulum, since this is the only method that can provide deep myotomy . Historically, the mucosal entrance was initially made in the hypopharynx, proximal to the septum. The procedure was recently modified , and many endoscopists have adapted this latest variation of mucosal entrance over the septum. In this video ([Video 1]), we present a new modification of this technique with the creation of a single tunnel instead of two. In particular, after mucosal incision over the septum ([Fig. 1]), a submucosal cushion is created at the esophageal side and a single tunnel is created at the side of the diverticulum ([Fig. 2], [Fig. 3]). Partial myotomy is performed, if necessary, to open the space for tunneling. Then, myotomy is performed through the diverticular tunnel ([Fig. 4], [Fig. 5]). This harbors the danger of damaging the esophageal mucosa. Therefore, repeated injections are provided at the submucosal space between the septum and the mucosa of the esophagus as needed. In our experience, this modification reduces the total duration of the procedure. The main potential drawback is the risk of inadvertent esophageal mucosal injury if the submucosal cushion is not sufficient.
Video 1 Single-tunnel Zenker’s diverticulum peroral endoscopic myotomy.
E-Videos is an online section of the journal Endoscopy, reporting on interesting cases and new techniques in gastroenterological endoscopy. All papers include a high-quality video and are published with a Creative Commons CC-BY license. Endoscopy E-Videos qualify for HINARI discounts and waivers and eligibility is automatically checked during the submission process. We grant 100% waivers to articles whose corresponding authors are based in Group A countries and 50% waivers to those who are based in Group B countries as classified by Research4Life (see: https://www.research4life.org/access/eligibility/).
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Article published online:
29 August 2023
© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
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- 1 Li QL, Chen WF, Zhang XC. et al. Submucosal tunneling endoscopic septum division: A novel technique for treating Zenkerʼs diverticulum. Gastroenterology 2016; 151: 1071-1074
- 2 Mavrogenis G, Tsevgas I, Zachariadis D. et al. Mucosotomy at the top of the septum facilitates tunneling and clipping during peroral endoscopic myotomy for Zenkerʼs diverticulum (Z-POEM). Ann Gastroenterol 2020; 33: 101