CC BY 4.0 · Endoscopy 2023; 55(S 01): E889-E891
DOI: 10.1055/a-2113-9265
E-Videos

A loop cutter is an ideal gripper for endoscopic removal of press-through-package sheets

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Chihiro Iwashita
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Yoshimasa Miura
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
,
Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, Japan
› Author Affiliations

A press-through package (PTP) sheet is sometimes accidentally swallowed [1]. PTP sheets have sharp edges ([Fig. 1]) and may cause mucosal damage and/or perforation to the gastrointestinal tract [2] [3]. Thus, ingested PTP sheets should be removed endoscopically as soon as possible. Several methods have been reported using hoods and covers to prevent mucosal damage during removal [4] [5]. However, a firm grip on the PTP sheet is necessary for successful removal. Grasping forceps or a snare are commonly used as grasping devices but can often fail because the PTP is slippery with saliva and the working space is insufficient for snaring. To address this, we used a Loop Cutter (FS-5L-1; Olympus, Tokyo, Japan), whose teeth can penetrate the PTP plastic sheet to secure a firm grip. The Loop Cutter’s strong grip allows the PTP to be easily removed.

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Fig. 1 Press-through-package (PTP) sheets have sharp edges.

To evaluate the gripping force of various devices, we attached a PTP sheet to the tip of a spring scale ([Fig. 2]). The gripping force was measured until the PTP was detached from the grasping device. The mean gripping force of each thirty times was 498 g in Standard Fenestrated Biopsy Forceps (FB-25K-1, Olympus), 404 g in the Radial Jaw 4 Pediatric Biopsy Forceps (M00513440; Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Massachusetts, USA), 37 g in the Rat Tooth with Alligator Jaw Grasping Forceps (FG-47L-1; Olympus), and 1440 g in the Loop Cutter ([Fig. 3]).

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Fig. 2 A PTP sheet was attached to the tip of the spring scale to evaluate the gripping force of various devices.
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Fig. 3 Comparison of the gripping force of various devices.

A 70-year-old woman presented to our hospital complaining of a sore throat after accidentally ingesting PTP sheets. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed the PTP location in the esophagus ([Fig. 4]). The second case was a 63-year-old man with dementia. PTP was found in the stomach along with a large amount of food residue. The PTP sheets were successfully and safely removed endoscopically in both cases by grasping the PTP sheet using a Loop Cutter ([Fig. 5], [Video 1]).

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Fig. 4 A 70-year-old woman presented to our hospital complaining of a sore throat after accidentally ingesting PTP sheets. a, b A computed tomography scan showed the PTP sheets located in the esophagus.
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Fig. 5 a The ingested PTP sheet was located in the upper esophagus. b–e We used the Loop Cutter. Its teeth can penetrate the PTP plastic sheet, securing a firm grip. Because the gripping force is strong, the PTP can be easily removed. f The PTP sheet was detached easily from the Loop Cutter.

Video 1 A Loop Cutter is an ideal gripper for endoscopic removal of press-through packages.


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Publication History

Article published online:
13 July 2023

© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)

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