J Reconstr Microsurg 2009; 25(6): 369-376
DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1215527
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Simultaneous Double Second Toe Transplantation for Reconstruction of Multiple Digit Loss in Traumatic Hand Injuries

Fernando A. Herrera1 , Charles K. Lee1 , Darrell Brooks1 , Rudolf Buntic1 , Gregory M. Buncke1
  • 1The Buncke Clinic and Division of Microsurgery, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 April 2009 (online)


The objective of this study is to review a single institution's 10-year experience of simultaneous double second toe transplantations for reconstruction of traumatic hand injuries. Eleven cases of traumatic hand injuries treated with simultaneous double second toe transplantation for digital reconstruction were retrospectively reviewed. All patients sustained traumatic injury resulting in multiple digit loss not amenable to replantation. A simultaneous three-team approach was performed in all cases. The average operating time was 9 hours (range 7 to 15 hours). The mean time to reconstruction was 5.7 months following injury (range 2 to 15 months). Mean hospital stay was 8 days (range 6 to 11 days). Complications included microvascular thrombosis in two toes, loss of one transplanted toe, hematoma, and wound infection. Twenty-one toes survived; secondary surgery was performed in ten patients. Average moving 2-point discrimination was 8 mm in each digit at 7-month follow-up. Mean grip and pinch strength approached 67% of the contralateral hand. Mean time to return to work after finger reconstruction was 10 months. Simultaneous double second toe transplantation is a useful and efficient option for multidigit reconstruction. A three-team approach allows for single-stage reconstruction resulting in decreased operative time, decreased hospital stay, and good functional outcomes when compared with alternative techniques.


Fernando A Herrera, M.D. 

Department of Microsurgery, California Pacific Medical Center

45 Castro Street, Suite 121, San Francisco, CA 94114

Email: fherrera00@yahoo.com