Synlett 2011(20): 3036-3040  
DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1289903
LETTER
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart ˙ New York

Concise Diverted Total Synthesis of Amphidinolide T1 and T4 from a (12E)-Cycloalkene by Selective Functionalization of the C12-C13 Double Bond

Lijie Suna, Dongdong Wub, Jinlong Wub, Wei-Min Dai*a,b
a Center for Cancer Research and Department of Chemistry, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, P. R. of China
Fax: +85223581594; e-Mail: [email protected];
b Laboratory of Asymmetric Catalysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P. R. of China
Fax: +86(571)87953128; e-Mail: [email protected];
Further Information

Publication History

Received 2 October 2011
Publication Date:
23 November 2011 (online)

Abstract

Starting from a 19-membered (12E)-cycloalkene prepared by ring-closing metathesis, amphidinolide T1 and T4 were ­efficiently synthesized via a short sequence of selective functionalization. The key steps highlighted stereoselective dihydroxylation of the (E)-C12-C13 double bond and highly regioselective silylation/desilylation of the (12S,13S)-diol. In particular, a significant solvent effect was discovered for suppressing 1,4 O→O silyl migration or disilylation during selective mono-silylation of the (12R,13R)- and (12S,13S)-diols in toluene. In combination with our previous synthesis of amphidinolide T3, the same (12E)-cycloal­kene serves as an advanced common intermediate for concise diverted total synthesis of amphidinolide T family of marine macrolides.

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13

Chem3D models show that the (13R)-OH group in 5 orients opposite to both the (12R)-OH and the (14R)-Me groups while (13S)-OH group in 6 aligns closely with both the (12S)-OH and the (14R)-Me groups. It should be possible for hydrogen bonding or 1,4 O→O silyl migration to take place in 6 but not in 5.

14

Characterization Data for Amphidinolide T4 (3): colorless oil; [α]D ²0 -9.6 (c = 0.12, CHCl3), lit.4b,4d,7a [α]D ²³
-7.5 (c = 0.8, CHCl3), [α]D ²0 -3.0 (c = 0.12, CHCl3); R f 0.35 (20% EtOAc in hexane). IR (film): 3458 (br), 2934, 1724, 1459, 1252, 1071 cm. ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR data are identical to those of natural amphidinolide T4 (see Figures S3 and S4 in the Supporting Information). HRMS (+ESI): m/z [M + H+] calcd for C25H43O5: 423.3111; found: 423.3116.

15

Characterization Data for Amphidinolide T1 (1): colorless oil; [α]D ²0 +20.3 (c = 0.15, CHCl3), lit.³a [α]D ²0 +18 (c = 0.3, CHCl3); R f 0.27 (17% EtOAc in hexane). IR (film): 3401 (br), 2928, 1727, 1463, 1253, 1060 cm; ¹H NMR and ¹³C NMR data are identical to those of natural amphidinolide T1 (see Figures S1 and S2 in the Supporting Information). HRMS (+ESI): m/z [M + H+] calcd for C25H43O5: 423.3111; found: 423.3104.