Int J Sports Med 2013; 34(10): 868-872
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1337905
Physiology & Biochemistry
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Energy Expenditure in Rock/Pop Drumming

S E. De La Rue
1   School of Sport and Exercise, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom
S. B. Draper
1   School of Sport and Exercise, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom
C. R. Potter
1   School of Sport and Exercise, University of Gloucestershire, Gloucester, United Kingdom
M. S. Smith
2   Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chichester, Chichester, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

accepted after revision 31 January 2013

Publication Date:
04 April 2013 (online)


Despite the vigorous nature of rock/pop drumming, there are no precise data on the energy expenditure of this activity. The aim of this study was to quantify the energy cost of rock/pop drumming. Fourteen male drummers (mean±SD; age 27±8 yrs.) completed an incremental drumming test to establish the relationship between energy expenditure and heart rate for this activity and a ramped cycle ergometer test to exhaustion as a criterion measure for peak values (oxygen uptake and heart rate). During live concert performance heart rate was continuously measured and used to estimate energy expenditure (from the energy expenditure vs. heart rate data derived from the drumming test). During concert performance, estimated energy expenditure (mean±SD) was 623±168 kcal.h−1 (8.1±2.2 METs) during performances of 38.6±15.6 min, and drummers achieved a peak heart rate of 186±16 b.min−1 During the drumming test participants attained 78.7±8.3% of the cycle ergometer peak oxygen uptake. Rock/pop drumming represents a relatively high-intensity form of physical activity and as such involves significant energy expenditure. Rock/pop drumming should be considered as a viable alternative to more traditional forms of physical activity.

  • References

  • 1 Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Leon AS, Jacobs DR, Montoye HJ, Sallis JF, Paffenbarger RS. Compendium of Physical Activities: classification of energy costs of human physical activities. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1993; 25: 71-80
  • 2 Ainsworth BE, Haskell WL, Whitt MC, Irwin ML, Swartz AM, Strath SJ, O’Brien WL, Bassett DR, Schmitz KH, Emplaincourt PO, Jacobs DR, Leon AS. Compendium of physical activities: an update of activity codes and MET intensities. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: S498-S516
  • 3 American College of Sports Medicine . ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. 7th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2000: 4
  • 4 Astrand PO, Ekblom B, Messin R, Saltin B, Stenberg J. Intra-arterial blood pressure during exercise with different muscle groups. J Appl Physiol 1965; 20: 253-256
  • 5 Byrne NM, Hills AP, Hunter GR, Weisner RL, Schutz Y. Metabolic equivalent: One size does not fit all. J Appl Physiol 2005; 99: 1112-1119
  • 6 Harriss DJ, Atkinson G. Update – ethical standards in sport and exercise research. Int J Sports Med 2011; 32: 819-821
  • 7 Loewy A, Schroetter H. Über den Energieverbrauch bei musikalischer Betätigung (On the energy consumption during musical activity). Pflüg Archiv Gesammte Physiol 1926; 211: 1-63
  • 8 McArdle WD, Katch FI, Katch VL. Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance. 5th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004: 1110
  • 9 Myers J, Prakash M, Froelicher V, Do D, Partington S, Atwood JE. Exercise capacity and mortality among men referred for exercise testing. New Eng J Med 2002; 11: 793-801
  • 10 Passmore R, Durmin JVGA. Human energy expenditure. Physiol Rev 1955; 35: 801-840
  • 11 Pate RR, Pratt M, Blair SN, Haskell WL, Macera CA, Bouchard C, Buchner D, Ettinger W, Heath GW, King AC, Kriska A, Leon AS, Marcus BH, Morris J, Paffenbarger RS, Patrick K, Pollock ML, Rippe JM, Sallis J, Wilmore JH. Physical activity and public health: A recommendation for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. J Am Med Assoc 1995; 273: 402-407
  • 12 Phillips DA. Drummers Perspective. Northampton UK: A & R Marketing; 2010: 27
  • 13 Smith MS, Draper SB, Potter CR, Burke C The energy cost of rock drumming Proceedings of the European College of Sport Science; 2008: Estroril (Portugal). Estoril Congress Centre: 165
  • 14 Tanaka H, Monahan KD, Seals DR. Age-predicted Maximal Heart Rate Revised. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001; 37: 153-156
  • 15 Tigerstedt C, Olin H. Der Stoffwechsel bei einigen leichteren Berschäftigungen und Gewerben (The metabolism during some light activities and trades). Skan Archiv Physiol 1924; 45: 82-94
  • 16 Volianitis S, Kustrup P, Dawson E, Secher NH. Arm blood flow and oxygenation on the transition from arm to combined arm and leg exercise in humans. J Physiol 2003; 547: 641-648
  • 17 Warburton DER, Nicol CW, Bredin SSD. Heath benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Can Med Assoc J 2006; 174: 801-809
  • 18 Zuntz N. Ueber die bedeutung des verschiedenen nährstoffe als erzuger des muskelkraft (On the meaning of different nutrients as producers of muscle power). Pflugers Arch Physiol 1901; 83: 557-571