Drug Res (Stuttg) 2013; 63(07): 357-361
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1341424
Original Article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Pharmacokinetics of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers in the Dog Following a Single Oral Administration

I.-H. Baek
1   College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea
B.-Y. Lee
1   College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea
E.-S. Lee
1   College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea
K.-I. Kwon
1   College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, South Korea
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

received 22 January 2013

accepted 28 February 2013

Publication Date:
28 March 2013 (online)


Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are effective and well-tolerated orally active anti-hypertensive agents. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic properties of typical ARBs in the dog. 60 beagles were administered a single oral dose of Micardis® 80 mg (telmisartan), Cozaar® 50 mg (losartan), or Diovan® 80- and 160-mg (valsartan). The plasma concentrations of these ARBs were measured using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry and their pharmacokinetic properties were analyzed using both non-compartmental and compartmental approaches. The half-life and volume of distribution in dogs were in the order losartan>valsartan>telmisartan after oral administration. Systemic exposure was estimated by calculating the area under the plasma concentration-vs.-time curve from time zero to infinity (AUC inf ), and resulted in the order telmisartan>valsartan>losartan. The values of C max and AUC increased in proportion to the dose of valsartan. In compartmental analysis, the pharmacokinetics of telmisartan and losartan pharmacokinetics fit a 2-compartment model, while valsartan fit a 1-compartment model. These results provide detailed pharmacokinetic information of ARBs in the dog, and may aid in future development of improved formulations or fixed-dose combinations.

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