Seminars in Plastic Surgery 2013; 27(01): 056-061
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1347166
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Gynecomastia in Adolescent Males

Valerie Lemaine
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
,
Cenk Cayci
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
,
Patricia S. Simmons
2  Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
,
Paul Petty
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
23 May 2013 (online)

Abstract

Gynecomastia is defined as an enlargement of the male breast. It is often benign, and can be the source of significant embarrassment and psychological distress. A general medical history and careful physical examination are essential to distinguish normal developmental variants from pathological causes. Treatment is geared toward the specific etiology when identified. In the majority of cases of pubertal gynecomastia, observation and reassurance are the mainstays of therapy as the condition usually resolves naturally. Pharmacological treatment and surgery are recommended only in selected cases.