Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2014; 18(02): 122-127
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1368140
Original Research
Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Vestibular Findings in Military Band Musicians

Bianca Simone Zeigelboim
1  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Undergraduate Course and Communication Disorders Graduate Course at Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná—UTP, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
,
Crislaine Gueber
2  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, UTP, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Thanara Pruner da Silva
3  Department of Surgery, Hospital das Clinicas, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso
4  Pequeno Principe Hospital and the Digital EEG Laboratory at the Hospital da Cruz Vermelha, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Claudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves
1  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Undergraduate Course and Communication Disorders Graduate Course at Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná—UTP, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
,
João Henrique Faryniuk
2  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, UTP, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
,
Jair Mendes Marques
1  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Undergraduate Course and Communication Disorders Graduate Course at Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná—UTP, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
,
Ari Leon Jurkiewicz
1  Department of Speech-Language Pathology, Undergraduate Course and Communication Disorders Graduate Course at Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná—UTP, Curitiba, PR, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

05 June 2013

02 December 2013

Publication Date:
28 February 2014 (online)

  

Abstract

Introduction Exposure to music is the subject of many studies because it is related to an individual's professional and social activities.

Objectives Evaluate the vestibular behavior in military band musicians.

Methods A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed. Nineteen musicians with ages ranging from 21 to 46 years were evaluated (average = 33.7 years and standard deviation = 7.2 years). They underwent anamnesis and vestibular and otolaryngologic evaluation through vectoelectronystagmography.

Results The most evident otoneurologic symptoms in the anamnesis were tinnitus (84.2%), hearing difficulties (47.3%), dizziness (36.8%), headache (26.3%), intolerance to intense sounds (21.0%), and earache (15.7%). Seven musicians (37.0%) showed vestibular abnormality, which occurred in the caloric test. The abnormality was more prevalent in the peripheral vestibular system, and there was a predominance of irritative peripheral vestibular disorders.

Conclusion The alteration in vestibular exam occurred in the caloric test (37.0%). There were changes in the prevalence of peripheral vestibular system with a predominance of irritative vestibular dysfunction. Dizziness was the most significant symptom for the vestibular test in correlation with neurotologic symptoms. The present study made it possible to verify the importance of the labyrinthine test, which demonstrates that this population should be better studied because the systematic exposure to high sound pressure levels may cause major vestibular alterations.