J Reconstr Microsurg 2014; 30(07): 491-496
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1369807
Original Article WSRM Special Topic Issue—Flaps
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

A New Plane of Elevation: The Superficial Fascial Plane for Perforator Flap Elevation

Joon Pio Hong
1   Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea
,
Dong Hoon Choi
1   Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea
,
Hyunsuk Suh
2   Department of Plastic Surgery, Ewha Woman's University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
,
Dewi Aisiyah Mukarramah
1   Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea
,
Talal Tashti
1   Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea
,
Kyungjin Lee
1   Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea
,
Chiseoun Yoon
3   Department of Plastic Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

10 November 2013

01 December 2013

Publication Date:
19 February 2014 (online)

Abstract

Background The aim for microsurgical reconstruction has broadened from achieving functional to also providing good esthetic outcomes. The perforator flaps are widely used for this goal. However, perforator flaps can still be bulky especially to resurface the skin defect. We hypothesized that elevation from the superficial fascial plane can obtain a thin and viable flap.

Method In this retrospective study, we report consecutive perforator flaps elevated at the superficial fascial plane from November 2007 to July 2013. Total of 304 flaps which were 196 superficial circumflex iliac perforator (SCIP) flaps, 81 anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps, and 27 gluteal artery perforator (GAP) flaps were reviewed.

Result The patient group composed of 189 male and 115 female patients with an average age of 35.8 years. The average body mass index was 23.5 kg/m2 (range, 15.91–34.57 kg/m2). All 304 flaps were successfully elevated with this approach with at least one viable perforator. The thickness averaged approximately 6 mm for ALT flap (range, 4–11 mm), 5 mm for SCIP flap (range, 3–12 mm), and 8.5 mm for GAP flap (range, 5–11 mm). Complete survival was noted in 282 flaps, partial loss of flaps requiring secondary procedures in 6 cases, partial loss healing secondarily in 8 cases, and total loss in 9 cases. During the average follow-up of 34 months, secondary debulking procedures were required in six flaps.

Conclusion This new approach of elevation on the superficial fascia is reliable, provides a viable tissue, and is able to obtain a thin flap achieving good functional and esthetic outcome.