Endosc Int Open 2014; 02(03): E160-E170
DOI: 10.1055/s-0034-1377384
Original article
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Prospective, randomized, comparative study of delineation capability of radial scanning and curved linear array endoscopic ultrasound for the pancreaticobiliary region

Maki Kaneko
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Akio Katanuma
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Hiroyuki Maguchi
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Kuniyuki Takahashi
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Manabu Osanai
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Kei Yane
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Syunpei Hashigo
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Ryo Harada
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Shin Kato
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Ryusuke Kato
1  Center for Gastroenterology, Teine-Keijinkai Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
,
Masanori Nojima
2  Department of Public Health, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido 006-8555, Japan
3  Division of Advanced Medicine Promotion, The Advanced Clinical Research Center, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

submitted: 05 July 2013

accepted after revision: 26 May 2014

Publication Date:
10 July 2014 (online)

  

Background and study aims: There are two types of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) endoscope, the radial scanning (RS) and the curved linear array (CL). The type of EUS endoscope used at a first intent depends on local expertise, local habits and sometimes on how the examination is reimbursed. In Japan, RS is mainly used for observation, whereas CL is primarily used for histopathological diagnosis and treatment. We compared the imaging capabilities of RS and CL in evaluating the pancreaticobiliary region, a study which has not been performed previously.

Patients and methods: This prospective and randomized trial included 200 patients undergoing endoscopic ultrasonography of the pancreaticobiliary region by RS (n = 99) or CL (n = 101). The primary end point was the basal imaging capability of each technique. Eleven pancreaticobiliary areas were assessed and scored (range, 0 – 2). Endoscopists evaluated each criterion, and a transcriber recorded the decisions in real time.

Results: The mean imaging scores in the RS and CL groups were 18.39 and 19.62, respectively (significantly higher in CL, 95 %CI: 0.82 – 1.64). Although no significant difference in imaging capability for the pancreatic head, body, or tail was observed between CL and RS, the imaging capability of CL for the pancreatic head – body transition region was superior to that of RS. Although no significant difference in imaging capability for the middle and inferior bile duct or the cystic duct was observed between CL and RS, the imaging capability of RS for the major duodenal papilla and gallbladder was superior to that of CL. For the area from the hepatic portal region to the superior bile duct, the imaging capability of CL was superior. In the delineation of the branch area of the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries, CL was also superior to RS.

Conclusions: The non-inferiority of the overall imaging capability of CL to that of RS was demonstrated. CL was superior in the delineation of the pancreatic head – body transition region, the area from the hepatic portal region to the superior bile duct, and the vascular bifurcation, whereas RS was superior in the delineation of the major duodenal papilla and gallbladder. Thus, for detailed evaluations of specific areas, the choice of scope should probably be considered.