Thorac cardiovasc Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0036-1588059
Short Communication
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Pulmonary Resection for a Residual Tumor after Definitive Radiation in Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Tetsuzo Tagawa1, Kensaku Ito1, Kengo Fukuzawa2, Akira Motohiro1
  • 1Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Oita Red Cross Hospital, Oita, Japan
  • 2Department of Surgery, Oita Red Cross Hospital, Oita, Japan
Further Information

Publication History

18 April 2016

22 July 2016

Publication Date:
30 August 2016 (eFirst)


Objective and Methods To clarify the benefits of surgery for a persistent tumor following definitive radiation in locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer, five patients were retrospectively reviewed.

Results All patients received definitive radiation, and three received concurrent chemotherapy followed by anatomical lung resection for a residual local tumor. The median time from the radiation to surgery was 8.2 weeks. There were no postoperative mortalities. Four patients developed distant metastasis with a mean recurrence-free interval of 7.5 months.

Conclusions Distant metastasis frequently occurred within a relatively short period after surgery. Further studies with a larger sample size are needed.