Seminars in Plastic Surgery 2017; 31(02): 118-122
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1601380
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA

Differences in the Management of Pediatric Facial Trauma

Tara L. Braun
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Amy S. Xue
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
,
Renata S. Maricevich
1  Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
09 May 2017 (online)

Abstract

Craniofacial trauma is common in the pediatric population, with most cases limited to soft tissue and dentoalveolar injury. Although facial fractures are relatively rare in children compared with adults, they are often associated with severe injury and cause significant morbidity and disability. Initial evaluation of a child with facial trauma generally involves stabilizing the patient and identifying any severe concomitant injuries before diagnosing and managing facial injuries. The management of pediatric facial fractures is relatively more conservative than that of adults, and nonsurgical management is preferred when possible to prevent the disruption of future growth and development. Outcomes depend on the site of the injury, management plan, and subsequent growth, so children must be followed longitudinally for monitoring and the identification of any complications.