CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Neurocirurgia: Brazilian Neurosurgery 2019; 38(04): 284-291
DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1602691
Review article | Artigo de Revisão
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Brain Concussion: New Classifications and Current Physiopathological Knowledge of the Disease

Concussão cerebral: Novas classificações e conhecimento fisiopatológico atual da doença
1   Programa de Pós-Graduação em Neurociências, Universidade Anhembi Morumbi, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2   Programa de Pós-Graduação em Urgências e Emergências, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein (HIAE), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Durval Damiani
3   Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

09 January 2017

23 February 2017

Publication Date:
20 April 2017 (online)


The present review paper aims to update the definition and classification of cerebral concussion, highlighting its pathophysiological mechanisms. The high prevalence of cerebral concussion in emergency rooms around the world makes it necessary to know its proper management to avoid its late sequelae, which traditionally compromise cognitive aspects of behavior. New evidence on potential neuroprotective treatments is being investigated.


O presente artigo aborda, por meio de revisão bibliográfica, uma atualização acerca das novas definições e classificações da concussão cerebral, destacando seus mecanismos fisiopatológicos. A elevada prevalência da concussão cerebral nas salas de emergências de todo o mundo torna necessário o conhecimento do seu adequado manejo, a fim de se evitarem suas sequelas tardias, que tradicionalmente comprometem aspectos cognitivos do comportamento. Novas evidências sobre potenciais tratamentos neuroprotetores estão sendo investigadas.

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