Methods Inf Med 2002; 41(03): 191-195
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1634433
Schattauer GmbH

The Past, Present and Future of International Health Evaluation Association (IHEA)

Shigeaki Hinohara
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
08 February 2018 (online)


In this paper I mention the 19-year history of International Health Evaluation Association (IHEA) which was started in Washington D.C. by the great effort of Dr. G. Gilbert in Hawaii. In 1973 three regions were organized in this Association: 1) U.S.A., 2) Europe and 3) Pan-Pacific including Asia.

I also mention the history of periodical health checkups in U.K., U.S.A. and Japan. In Japan it started in 1954, however, after adapting the system of Automated Multiphase Health Testing designed by the Kaiser Foundation of Auckland, Calif., in 1973, Japanese people paid much attention to this health screening system and the number of hospitals and clinics for health screening has increased tremendously and the number of examinees amounted to 2,875,449 in 2001.

Finally, I conclude that IHEA should create a multi-disciplinary system to sustain a lifestyle with a high level of Quality of Life (QOL) for the people who really want to live fruitful lives by the successive health education.

  • References

  • 1 Dobell H. Lectures on the germs and vestiges of disease and the prevention of the invasion and fatality of disease by periodic examination. London: J.&A. Churchill Ltd.; 1851
  • 2 American Medical Association: A manual of suggestions for the conduct of periodic examinations of apparently healthy persons. Chicago: A.M.A.; 1925
  • 3 Goldwater SS. The next step in preventive medicine. New York: 1914. (In Dept of Health, City of New York, Reprint series, No. 18, June 1914).
  • 4 Fisk EL, Crawford JR. How to make the periodic health examination. New York: The Macmillan Co.; 1927