Semin Reprod Med 2019; 37(05/06): 251-256
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1675585
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

The Neuroanatomy of Reproduction: Seeing Is Believing

Alexander L. Vlasak
1  College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
,
Amelia Schaub
2  Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
,
Margaret E. Robin Barry
3  Department of Neurosurgery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
,
Alice S. Rhoton-Vlasak
4  Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
03 January 2019 (online)

Abstract

The brain is the central controller of reproduction and the menstrual cycle. Reproductive endocrinologists spend their days treating patients with perturbations in reproduction as a result of pituitary diseases and manipulate pituitary hormones to enhance fertility and quality of life. Microscopic neuroanatomical images will allow a better understanding of how a tumor in the pituitary might affect vision, or a mass in the brain might cause amenorrhea. Clinical correlations that are taught every day become much clearer once the anatomical relationships are explored. The objective of this pictorial tour is to elucidate anatomical and clinical relationships while showcasing the neuroanatomy of reproduction.