Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery 2019; 32(02): 095-101
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676473
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Contemporary Opportunity for Prehabilitation as Part of an Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Pathway in Colorectal Surgery

Zhi Ven Fong
1  Codman Center for Clinical Effectiveness in Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
David C. Chang
1  Codman Center for Clinical Effectiveness in Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
Keith D. Lillemoe
2  Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
Ryan D. Nipp
3  Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
Kenneth K. Tanabe
2  Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
,
Motaz Qadan
2  Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
28 February 2019 (online)

Abstract

The implementation of upfront, preoperative habilitation (“prehabilitation”), as opposed to postoperative habilitation (rehabilitation), provides a unique opportunity to optimize surgical outcomes, while ensuring that patients receive necessary conditioning that may otherwise be significantly delayed by postoperative complications. In this review, opportunities to design, implement, monitor, and evaluate a surgical prehabilitation program in colorectal surgery are discussed, and broken down to include emotional, physical, and nutritional aspects of care in the preoperative setting.