Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery 2019; 32(03): 176-182
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1676995
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Ostomy-Related Complications

Douglas R. Murken
1  Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
,
Joshua I. S. Bleier
2  Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
02 April 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Ileostomy or colostomy formation is an important component of many surgical procedures performed for a wide range of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the frequency with which intestinal stomas are created, stoma-related complications remain common and are associated with significant morbidity as well as cost. Some of the most prevalent complications of stoma formation which will be detailed in this article include peristomal skin complications, retraction, stomal necrosis, stomal stenosis, prolapse, bleeding, dehydration from high ostomy output, and parastomal hernia. The authors will review these common complications, detail means to avoid or prevent them, and outline recommendations for management.