J Reconstr Microsurg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708835
Special Topic Issue: Reconstruction of the Lower Extremity
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Importance of Vascularity and Selecting the Recipient Vessels of Lower Extremity Reconstruction

Joon Pio Hong
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
,
Changsik John Park
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
,
Hyunsuk Peter Suh
1  Department of Plastic Surgery, ASAN Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

13 December 2019

02 February 2020

Publication Date:
06 April 2020 (online)

Abstract

Background Successful lower extremity reconstruction using free flaps begins by identifying a good recipient vessel and understanding the surrounding environment of the defect.

Methods One should consider multiple factors when selecting the recipient vessel such as the status of the axial arteries, trying to preserve flow as much as possible, extent and severity of the defect, and ultimately what type of anastomosis will be ideal.

Results Multiple factors of importance are reviewed and show the relevance in decision making and provide an algorithm.

Conclusion In addition to the multiple factors to be considered, the ultimate decision should be made on the table during surgery when the actual artery or vein is exposed and shows signs of good pulsation and flow.