CC BY 4.0 · VCOT Open 2020; 03(02): e72-e76
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1714141
Case Report

Multidrug-Resistant Orthopaedic Surgical Site Infections Treated with Linezolid in Four Dogs

1  Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States
,
Jin Yoon*
1  Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States
,
Rebecca A. Hersh-Boyle*
1  Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States
,
1  Department of Veterinary Surgical and Radiological Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, United States
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Objective This study aimed to report the adverse drug events and treatment outcome of systemic linezolid therapy to manage multi-drug resistant orthopaedic surgical site infection in dogs.

Materials and Methods Retrospective case review of four dogs that received linezolid to treat surgical site infections after orthopaedic surgery. Reevaluations consisted of a clinical examination or a telephone interview.

Results Serum drug concentrations varied. All dogs showed a temporary resolution of clinical signs of surgical site infection. Two dogs that received linezolid at the previously reported dose developed drug-associated side effects. The side effects were anorexia, nausea, vomiting and regenerative anaemia. All side effects resolved after the discontinuation of linezolid. Surgical site infection recurred in two dogs 52 and 177 days after discontinuing linezolid respectively.

Clinical significance Adverse drug events occurred in dogs receiving oral linezolid at the dosage of 10 to 20 mg/kg. Oral linezolid therapy failed to resolve deep orthopaedic surgical site infections in two out of four dogs. As a tertiary antimicrobial, linezolid should only be used in carefully selected cases while monitoring for drug-associated side effects.

Authors' Contributions

P.-Y.C., D.J.M.-L., and R.A.H.-B., contributed to case management and follow-up interview or examination. J.Y. contributed to data collection. P.-Y.C. and D.J.M.-L. contributed to manuscript preparation. R.H.-B. contributed to manuscript revision.


* J.Y.’s current workplace is VCA West Coast Specialty and Emergency Animal Hospital, Orange County, California, United States. R.A.H-B’s current workplace is the Sam’s Clinic, Marin, California, United States.




Publication History

Received: 19 February 2020

Accepted: 08 June 2020

Publication Date:
05 August 2020 (online)

© .

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York