Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2020; 33(06): 335-343
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1714236
Review Article

Surgical Treatment for Crohn's Disease: A Role of Kono-S Anastomosis in the West

Toru Kono
1  Advanced Surgery Center, Department of Surgery, Sapporo Higashi Tokushukai Hospital, Higahi-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
Alessandro Fichera
2  Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas
› Author Affiliations


More than 80% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) will require surgical intervention during their lifetime, with high rates of anastomotic recurrence and stenosis necessitating repeat surgery. Current data show that pharmacotherapy has not significantly improved the natural history of postoperative clinical and surgical recurrence of CD. In 2003, antimesenteric hand-sewn functional end-to-end (Kono-S) anastomosis was first performed in Japan. This technique has yielded very desirable outcomes in terms of reducing the incidence of anastomotic surgical recurrence. The most recent follow-up of these patients showed that very few had developed surgical recurrence. This new approach is superior to stapled functional end-to-end anastomosis because the stumps are sutured together to create a stabilizing structure (a “supporting column”), serving as a supportive backbone of the anastomosis to help prevent distortion of the anastomotic lumen due to disease recurrence and subsequent clinical symptoms. This technique requires careful mesenteric excision for optimal preservation of the blood supply and innervation. It also results in a very wide anastomotic lumen on the antimesenteric side. The Kono-S technique has shown efficacy in preventing surgical recurrence and the potential to become the new standard of care for intestinal CD.

Publication History

Publication Date:
14 September 2020 (online)

Thieme Medical Publishers
333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.