Digestive Disease Interventions
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1718389
Review Article

Image-Guided Intratumoral Delivery of Immunotherapeutics in Gastrointestinal Malignancies

Yang Qiao
1  Department of Interventional Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
2  Department of Surgery, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York
,
Rahul A. Sheth
1  Department of Interventional Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
,
Alda Tam
1  Department of Interventional Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Intratumoral (IT) administration of immunotherapy is a promising treatment strategy under clinical development for gastrointestinal malignancies. Due to its targeted nature, IT immunotherapies can generate regional proinflammatory microenvironments that result in the focal recruitment of tumor-specific immune cells. Precision targeting of tumors via IT immunotherapy injection theoretically produces a more robust immune response to the treated tumor itself and to distant metastatic tumors that share tumor-specific antigens with those of the treated tumor, while also minimizing the priming of the adaptive immune system to nonspecific antigens. Diverse arrays of IT immunotherapeutic agents including but not limited to lyophilized bacteria, viral vectors, cellular-based agents, molecules, and peptides, both as monotherapies and in combination with systemic immunotherapies, are in various stages of preclinical and clinical development. In this review, we summarize the current state of the art for IT immunotherapy and highlight potential future directions and their relevance to image-guided interventionalists.



Publication History

Received: 05 May 2020

Accepted: 30 July 2020

Publication Date:
12 January 2021 (online)

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