CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology 2021; 04(02): 127-138
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1721626
Review Article

Revisiting the Spleen—An Imaging Review of the Common and Uncommon Splenic Pathology

Meshaal Nadeem
1   Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
,
Hina Arif Tiwari
2   Division of Radiology, Department of Medical Imaging, University of Arizona Health sciences, Tuscon, Arizona, United States
,
Kedar Jambhekar
3   Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
,
Hemendra Shah
3   Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
,
Roopa Ram
3   Department of Radiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

The spleen is the largest lymphatic organ and is responsible for both hematological and immunological functions. Several common etiologies such as trauma, developmental variants, infectious/inflammatory conditions, and benign and malignant lesions can occur in the spleen. The role of imaging modalities such as ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosing these conditions continues to evolve. The main objective of this review article is to illustrate the role of imaging in identifying the common and uncommon pathology of the spleen.



Publication History

Article published online:
02 March 2021

© 2021. Indian Society of Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Radiology. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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