Subscribe to RSS
Vestibular System Eletrophysiology: An Analysis of the Relationship between Hearing and Movement
Introduction Knowledge about the positive effects that music and dance bring, in its various forms, to the healthy human brain, is important not only in the context of basic neuroscience but may also strongly affect practices in neurorehabilitation.
Objective To verify the relationship between hearing and movement and, specifically, to analyze the interference of professional dance practice and formal musical training in the magnitude of the vestibule-cervical and vestibular reflexes.
Method The sample consisted of 92 subjects, aged between 18 and 35 years old, 31 professional musicians, 31 ballet dancers, and 30 control subjects. Only subjects with normal hearing sensitivity were included. Cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) was recorded in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) was recorded in the lower oblique muscle of the eye, using tone-bursts (500Hz). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) or Kruskall-Wallis tests were performed.
Results The cVEMP presented earlier and higher amplitude waves when recorded in the group of dancers, with a significant difference between all tested groups for latency and amplitude of the N23 wave; the comparison was restricted between dancers and control groups, with no difference between ballet dancers and musicians. The N1 wave of the oVEMP presented lower latencies in dancers than in musicians and controls (p = 0.001). No significant differences were found between the groups for the P1 wave.
Conclusion Greater magnitudes of vestibule-cervical reflex responses and faster vestibule-ocular reflex responses were observed in dancers. Dance practice provides greater development of the vestibular system, but musical training also contributes to the magnitude of these responses.
Received: 19 May 2020
Accepted: 07 December 2020
Article published online:
21 September 2021
© 2021. Fundação Otorrinolaringologia. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commecial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Thieme Revinter Publicações Ltda.
Rua do Matoso 170, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 20270-135, Brazil
- 1 Oertel D, Young ED. What's a cerebellar circuit doing in the auditory system?. Trends Neurosci 2004; 27 (02) 104-110
- 2 Bremmer F. Navigation in space--the role of the macaque ventral intraparietal area. J Physiol 2005; 566 (Pt 1): 29-35
- 3 Schlack A, Sterbing-D'Angelo SJ, Hartung K, Hoffmann K-P, Bremmer F. Multisensory space representations in the macaque ventral intraparietal area. J Neurosci 2005; 25 (18) 4616-4625
- 4 Todd NPM, Lee CS, O'Boyle DJ. A sensorimotor theory of temporal tracking and beat induction. Psychol Res 2002; 66 (01) 26-39
- 5 Molinari M, Leggio MG, De Martin M, Cerasa A, Thaut M. Neurobiology of rhythmic motor entrainment. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2003; 999: 313-321
- 6 Trainor L. Do preferred beat rate and entrainment to the beat have a common origin in music?. Empir Musicol Rev 2007; 2: 17-20
- 7 Chen JL, Zatorre RJ, Penhune VB. Interactions between auditory and dorsal premotor cortex during synchronization to musical rhythms. Neuroimage 2006; 32 (04) 1771-1781
- 8 Lahav A, Saltzman E, Schlaug G. Action representation of sound: audiomotor recognition network while listening to newly acquired actions. J Neurosci 2007; 27 (02) 308-314
- 9 Zatorre RJ, Chen JL, Penhune VB. When the brain plays music: auditory-motor interactions in music perception and production. Nat Rev Neurosci 2007; 8 (07) 547-558
- 10 Vanderah TW, Douglas JG. Hearing and balance: the eighth cranial nerve. In: Vanderah TW, Douglas JG. eds. Noltès The Human Brain : An Introduction to Its Functional Anatomy. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016: 348-82
- 11 Năstase VD. The role of sensations, perceptions and representations in learning dance sport. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2012; 51: 957-960
- 12 Thompson WF, Graham P, Russo FA. Seeing music performance: Visual influences on perception and experience. Semiotica 2005; 156: 177-201
- 13 Pantev C, Herholz SC. Plasticity of the human auditory cortex related to musical training. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2011; 35 (10) 2140-2154
- 14 Ellis RJ, Norton AC, Overy K, Winner E, Alsop DC, Schlaug G. Differentiating maturational and training influences on fMRI activation during music processing. Neuroimage 2012; 60 (03) 1902-1912
- 15 Juntunen ML, Hyvonen L. Embodiment in musical knowing: How body movement facilitates learning with Dalcroze Eurhythmics. Br J Music Educ 2004; 21: 199-214
- 16 Wong PCM, Skoe E, Russo NM, Dees T, Kraus N. Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns. Nat Neurosci 2007; 10 (04) 420-422
- 17 Gaser C, Schlaug G. Brain structures differ between musicians and non-musicians. J Neurosci 2003; 23 (27) 9240-9245
- 18 Kiefer AW, Riley MA, Shockley K. et al. Multi-segmental postural coordination in professional ballet dancers. Gait Posture 2011; 34 (01) 76-80
- 19 Chihara Y, Iwasaki S, Ushio M, Murofushi T. Vestibular-evoked extraocular potentials by air-conducted sound: another clinical test for vestibular function. Clin Neurophysiol 2007; 118 (12) 2745-2751
- 20 Swathi V, Kumar KS. Influence of dance training on sacculocollic pathway: vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) as an objective tool. J Evol Med Dent Sci 2013; 2: 7747-7754
- 21 Bruyneel AV, Mesure S, Paré JC, Bertrand M. Organization of postural equilibrium in several planes in ballet dancers. Neurosci Lett 2010; 485 (03) 228-232
- 22 Oliveira-Barreto AC, Menezes PL, Feitosa ABL. et al. Dancing effects on the magnitude of the vestibular-cervical reflex. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2017; 2: 1-3
- 23 Hall JW. New Handbook for Auditory Evoked Responses. Boston: Pearson Education; 2006
- 24 Walicka-Cupryś K, Przygoda Ł, Czenczek E. et al. Balance assessment in hearing-impaired children. Res Dev Disabil 2014; 35 (11) 2728-2734
- 25 Wang Y-P, Young Y-H. Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials in chronic noise-induced hearing loss. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007; 137 (04) 607-611
- 26 Dalgıç A, Yılmaz O, Hıdır Y, Satar B, Gerek M. Analysis of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials and Electrocochleography in Noise Induced Hearing Loss. J Int Adv Otol 2015; 11 (02) 127-132
- 27 Lin B-Y, Young Y-H. Assessing residual vestibular function in adults with congenital hearing loss. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2016; 273 (12) 4209-4214
- 28 Jacot E, Van Den Abbeele T, Debre HR, Wiener-Vacher SR. Vestibular impairments pre- and post-cochlear implant in children. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2009; 73 (02) 209-217
- 29 Iwasaki S, Smulders YE, Burgess AM. et al. Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials to bone conducted vibration of the midline forehead at Fz in healthy subjects. Clin Neurophysiol 2008; 119 (09) 2135-2147
- 30 Wang S-J, Jaw F-S, Young Y-H. Ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials elicited from monaural versus binaural acoustic stimulations. Clin Neurophysiol 2009; 120 (02) 420-423
- 31 Federici A, Bellagamba S, Rocchi MBL. Does dance-based training improve balance in adult and young old subjects? A pilot randomized controlled trial. Aging Clin Exp Res 2005; 17 (05) 385-389
- 32 Sinha SK, Bohra V, Sanju HK. Comparison of Cervical and Ocular Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials in Dancers and Non-Dancers. Audiology Res 2013; 3 (01) e6