Journal of Pediatric Neurology
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1727186
Original Article

Comparison of the Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) Score with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) as a Coma Assessment Scale in Pediatric Intensive Care

1  Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
,
Dincer Yildizdas
1  Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
,
1  Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
,
Ozden Ozgur Horoz
1  Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
,
Gulen Gul Mert
2  Department of Pediatric Neurology, Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine, Adana, Turkey
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Rapid assessment of cerebral dysfunction is crucial for the management of patients in intensive care units. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) evaluates eye, verbal, and motor responses, but is insufficient to effectively evaluate patients on mechanical ventilation, or who are unable to speak. The Full Outline of Unresponsiveness (FOUR) score includes additional information such as brainstem reflexes and respiratory status to provide a more complete clinical assessment. In this study, we aimed to compare the FOUR score with GCS in the assessment of patients with coma. This prospective study included patients between 1 month and under 18 years of age, who were hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit due to risk of coma or ongoing impairment of consciousness between May 2018 and June 2019. Information regarding FOUR scores, GCS values, patient demographics, duration of hospitalization, requirement for mechanical ventilation, and patient comorbidities were recorded and analyzed. Among the 80 patients included in the study, a statistically significant correlation was found between (low) GCS and FOUR scores during admission, and mortality and requirement for mechanical ventilation. Monitoring the level of consciousness is important in pediatric intensive care units and may be predictive of the course and disease outcome. Similar to the GCS, the FOUR score is a good indicator for predicting mortality and requirement for mechanical ventilation.

Conclusion

In pediatric intensive care units, monitoring the level of consciousness is an important factor in predicting the clinical course and outcome. As a coma assessment scale, the FOUR score is a good predictor of mortality, need for mechanical ventilation, and brain death, similar to GCS.




Publication History

Received: 29 December 2020

Accepted: 22 February 2021

Publication Date:
13 April 2021 (online)

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