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Expanding the Phenotype of Molybdenum Cofactor Deficiency in Neonates: Report of Two CasesFunding None.
Molybdenum cofactor deficiency (MoCD) is a rare neurometabolic disorder characterized by intractable seizures, progressive microcephaly, tone abnormalities, facial dysmorphism, and feeding difficulties in the neonatal period. We present two different neonatal cases of MoCD with atypical presentations which could have been easily missed. One is a preterm baby admitted with features of sepsis, poor perfusion, and seizures who later developed tone abnormalities and feeding difficulty. The second is a term baby who presented with stridor, respiratory distress, and metabolic acidosis followed by intractable seizures and encephalopathy. Both babies had characteristic radiological and biochemical findings, and genome sequencing identified mutations in MOCS2 and MOCS1 genes, respectively. MoCD presenting as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and cerebral palsy are well described, but its presentation in preterm with “sepsis-like features with drug-responsive seizures” in the early newborn period is not described, and can also cause unnecessary delay in the diagnosis. Its clinical presentation with “stridor, respiratory distress, and metabolic acidosis” is also described for the first time in literature.
S.C., N.P., D.M., and M.K. were involved in the clinical management of the patient. S.C. supported in data collection and drafting initial manuscript. M.K. gave critical inputs and supervised the draft. N.P. and D.M. provided critical inputs and edited the manuscript. The manuscript was approved by all the authors.
Received: 15 April 2021
Accepted: 09 July 2021
Article published online:
11 August 2021
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