CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Semin Hear 2021; 42(04): 342-351
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1739367
Review Article

The Impact of Cochlear Implantation: Cognitive Function, Quality of Life, and Frailty in Older Adults

Eric E. Babajanian
1   Division of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
,
Neil S. Patel
1   Division of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
,
Richard K. Gurgel
1   Division of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

This review examines the relationship between cochlear implantation and cognition and quality of life in older adults, as well as how frailty affects outcomes for older patients with cochlear implants. A growing body of evidence suggests that there is a strong association between hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Preliminary studies suggest that cochlear implantation in older adults may be protective against cognitive decline. While studies have observed a positive impact of cochlear implantation on quality of life, currently it is unclear what factors contribute the most to improved quality of life. Frailty, as a measurement of general health, likely plays a role in complication rates and quality-of-life outcomes after cochlear implantation, though larger prospective studies are required to further elucidate this relationship.



Publication History

Publication Date:
09 December 2021 (online)

© 2021. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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