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Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gastrojejunostomy with a Nagi stent for relief of jejunal loop obstruction following hepaticojejunostomy
10 August 2016 (online)
A 27-year-old man with unresectable periampullary neoplasm underwent a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy with gastrojejunostomy 1 year previously. He presented with a 1-month history of progressive yellowish discoloration of his eyes, abdominal pain and distension, and intermittent high fever with chills and rigors. On admission his results showed a bilirubin of 9 mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase of 1467 IU/mL, and total white blood cell (WBC) count of 28 700/mm3. A blood culture grew Escherichia coli. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen showed a grossly dilated loop of jejunum with distal obstruction, in communication with a patent hepaticojejunostomy anastomosis ([Fig. 1]).
We planned to decompress the jejunal loop to relieve the cholangitis; however, the presence of a distal obstruction precluded enteroscope-assisted drainage. The distended jejunal loop was punctured with a 10-Fr cystotome (Cook Medical, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA) using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance ([Fig. 2 a]). The needle was removed and a 0.035-inch guidewire was placed through the inner catheter into the jejunal loop. The over-the-wire 10-Fr outer catheter of the cystotome with a diathermic ring was advanced into the jejunal loop using pure cut ([Video 1]). The cystotome was then removed. A 30-mm Niti-S Nagi stent (Taewoong Medical, Seoul, South Korea) was placed across the tract between the stomach and jejunal limb ([Fig. 2 b]), and bile was seen to drain through the gastrojejunal anastomosis ([Fig. 3 a]). To prevent migration of the stent, a 7-Fr double-pigtail plastic stent (7 cm in length) was placed across the Nagi stent ([Fig. 3 b]).
After the procedure the patient’s fever subsided, his bilirubin decreased to 3.1 mg/dL, his total WBC count decreased to 15 200/mm3 and he was moved from the intensive care unit. He was discharged from hospital after 15 days.
Obstruction of the jejunal loop can occur as a late complication of hepaticojejunostomy due to either adhesions or tumor recurrence. EUS-guided gastrojejunostomy for afferent-loop syndrome using a Hot Axios stent was first described by Ikeuchi et al. in 2015 . Mutignani et al. recently used the Nagi stent to gain access to the jejunal loop in a patient with an hepaticojejunostomy . In our patient, we used the Nagi stent to decompress the obstructed jejunal loop. The procedure appears to be a safe alternative for the management of patients with hepaticojejunostomy presenting with cholangitis secondary to jejunal loop obstruction.
- 1 Ikeuchi N, Itoi T, Tsuchiya T et al. One-step EUS-guided gastrojejunostomy with use of lumen-apposing metal stent for afferent loop syndrome treatment. Gastrointest Endosc 2015; 82: 166
- 2 Mutignani M, Manta R, Pugliese F et al. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided duodenojejunal anastomosis to treat postsurgical Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy stricture: a dream or a reality?. Endoscopy 2015; 47 (Suppl. 01) E350-E351